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The conquerants of the needless. Expression and dissemination of a model of heroic masculinity in the French post-war alpinism

Articles

<10.4000/gss.3419>
KeywordsTriple Keywords
Annals
History
Novellas (Short novels)
Stories
Metafiction
Fiction
Novels
Fiction--Philosophy
Context (Linguistics)
Grammar, Comparative and general--Context
Situation (Linguistics)
Volition
Conation
Will

Abstract

The alpinism, a sport historically practised by men, takes a conquerent and heroic connotation during episodes of conquest new massifs. One of these episodes is the period from the 1950s to 1960s, the golden age of himalayism, which saw a competition between nations for the first rise on the fourteen summits of more than 8000 metres. In the history of French alpinism, this is a ‘separate moment’, which is conducive to studying the ways in which a ‘heroic’ hegemonic masculinity model is expressed and disseminated in alpinism. This is what we try to show on the basis of the analysis of the stories of shipments and orphanages of French alpinists from the 1950s and 1960s, seen in the light of the historical context in which this model of masculinity appears in France. In order to highlight the specificity of the French situation, the French alpinism is compared with the British alpinism, also at the forefront of the himalayan conquest.

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