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Indianisation and depoliticisation of the victims of the war in Peru. The example of the OOW Memorial

Articles

<10.4000/jsa.15186>

Abstract

The OOW Memorial was made a tribute to the victims of the internal armed conflict in Peru (1980-2000). He is the work of artist Lika Mutal in coordination with various human rights activists and is a continuation of the work carried out by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (CVR). The anniversary of the Committee’s final report is also celebrated on this site every 28 August. Based on several observations from this ceremony, complemented by interviews with the artist and many human rights activists, this article aims to question the process of ethnicisation of victims and how it has guided an essential part of symbolic repair programmes: commemorations of the war. The prehispanic past and ‘Andean cosmology’ were mobilised during these commemorations with the aim of promoting a particular category of victims presented as innocent: the peasants of the Andean peasants who would be ‘reintegrating’ into national society. The social and political effects in Peru post-CVR of this ethnicity scene, which is based on mystic cosmology, are also discussed.

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