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Can we talk about popular revolts in late antiquity?

typ_article

French

<10.4000/mefra.438>

Abstract

The Bagaudae from Gaul have been the subject of many contradictory and very different interpretations since the 1950 s: peasant revolts according to Marxist analyses; fitted into the model of the democratization of culture by Santo Mazzarini; or militia of the autonomous landowners according to Anglo-Saxon historiography. These interpretations in fact present different models of Gaul’s transition between Antiquity and the Middle Age, centered on divergent opinions on the evolution of the Gaulish elites and their networks of patronage. They also put into play divers analyses of the process of Christianisation and the persistence of Celtic cultural aspects in Late Antiquity. One can attempt a synthesis that regards all the proposed interpretations as relevant, but only for the question of the unrest attributed to the Bagaudae.

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