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The Garifuna. Territorial transnationality, identity building and political action





Since the 18th century, the Garifuna, of mixed African and Carib descent, during the colonial period, have lived along the Caribbean shores of four countries of Central America (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua). Following a constant migratory process that began by the mid-fifties, the vast majority of them now live in the United States. As a result of their territorialization in Central America and their recent presence in the United States, their transnationality has always come along with an intense circulation of identity symbols. These symbols are composed of various ethnoracial representations that have changed under the influence of political and social processes at a national, regional or global scale, to finally become a generic identity as an Afrodescendant people.

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