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Roots and prosody: The Iraqi Arabic derivational verb


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Number concept
Markedness (Linguistics)
Marked member (Linguistics)
Language and languages
Foreign languages
Political economy
Economic theory


A number of recent Optimality-Theoretic approaches to Nonconcatenative Templatic Morphologies (NTM) such as the verbal systems of Arabic and Hebrew have argued that NTMs do not require reification of the consonantal root (Bat-El, 1994 ; Ussishkin, 1999, 2000, 2005 ; Buckley, 2003). This article presents an approach to deriving NTMs which countenances both the morphemic status of the consonantal root and the emergent nature of the prosodic template. Based upon work in Kramer (2007) this “root-and-prosody” model claims that root-and-pattern behavior arises from the necessary satisfaction of prosodic markedness constraints at the expense of the faithfulness constraints Contiguity and Integrity . Additionally, this article shows that a solution exists to the problem of NTM languages within Generalized Template Theory (McCarthy & Prince, 1995) which does not need Output-Output Correspondence. In doing so, this work also argues for the extension of indexed markedness constraint (Pater, to appear) to prosodic alternations. Prosodic augmentation is shown to follow from particular rankings of such indexed prosodic markedness constraints, eliminating the need for prosodic material in the input.

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