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Diversity of actors: what cooperation for the prevention of MSDs?

Conferences and symposiums

KeywordsTriple Keywords
Acts, Legislative
Legislative enactments
Laws (Statutes)
Enactments, Legislative
Legislative acts
Sharing economy
Distribution, Cooperative
Collaborative economy
Cooperative movement
Cooperative distribution
Peer-to-peer economy
Individuation (Philosophy)
Individuals (Philosophy)
Particulars (Philosophy)
Context (Linguistics)
Grammar, Comparative and general--Context
Situation (Linguistics)
Employment (Economic theory)
Political power
Empowerment (Social sciences)
Power (Social sciences)


introduction to the many cross-cutting themes are the actors involved in the field of health at work and concerned with MSD prevention issues: occupational physicians, ergonomics, IPRP, safety engineers, HRD, occupational nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, rheumatologists, occupational psychologists, etc. These professionals are engraving other actors who play an important role in prevention dynamics: employees, business leaders, workshop leaders, institutional partners, etc. Considering this diversity of actors with different statuses and different skills raises the question of how to act together effectively to prevent MSDs. Despite changes in the law on health at work in the area of multidisciplinarity, collective work is not described. Rather, the point is that it is difficult to work together and to identify the areas in which they operate, sometimes with conflicting situations. However, the collective mobilisation of stakeholders is essential today. Several methodologies should be considered to better understand the ways of cooperation between actors promoting the prevention of MSDs. It is possible to analyse the activity of one of the actors in detail in order to understand these professional practices, the challenges of the profession and to monitor possible or impossible interactions with other actors. It is also possible to follow a prevention or job retention project and observe the actions of the various actors as the project progresses. On the basis of the evidence of their individual and collective activities and confrontations, it is necessary to understand what each individual is doing, the areas of action, the impediments, the forms of collective work, the relationship to work and the skills of each person. The assumption is that it will be easier to envisage cooperation in the action once the areas of competence are identified. Whatever the functions, we should not underestimate the impact of the context and legislation on stakeholders’ strategies, as well as the role of business culture and managers’ sensitivity to health and safety. However, while it is necessary to better identify intervention competences, this is certainly not enough to work better together to prevent MSDs and PSR. Organisational conditions must be met to promote multidisciplinarity (for example: joint interventions, exchange times, feedback, etc.) and room for manoeuvre must be built to promote everyone’s activity (having time, training, choosing with whom you want to work, specialising in a sector of activity, etc.). In order to do so, it is not sufficient to place only the production of knowledge on trade produced by professionals on their complementarities or differences. Experience in the field of collective action between stakeholders is an essential way of organising a debate on collective activity, finding forms of redrafting effective rules for prevention, transforming working tools to adapt them to the situation and putting cooperation projects on a historical basis.

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