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Motion of a small rigid body in an incompressible viscous fluid, convection problems and dynamics of falling films

Thesis

French

<10670/1.2yge8c>

Abstract

This thesis is devoted to three different non-linear evolution equations in fluid mechanics : the fluid-solid system, the Boussinesq system and a falling films model. For the fluid-solid system, we study the evolution of a small moving solid in incompressible viscous fluid in the case the obstacle converges to a point. Assuming that the density of the solid tends to infinity, we prove that the rigid body has no influence on the limit equation by showing the convergence of solutions of the fluid-solid system towards to a solution of the Navier-Stokes equations in the full ℝ^d, avec d² et 3. For the convection problem, we provide several uniqueness classes on the velocity and the temperature and generalize some classical uniqueness result for ‘mild’ solutions of the Navier-Stokes equations. We then work on a falling films model in three dimensions (2D interface). We show that a non-local variant of the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation admits a compact global attractor and we study the number of spatial oscillations of the solutions

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