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Valognes (50) La Victoire, La Chasse de la Croix Varin — Geophysical Prospection, sections AS 133, 140, 217, 251, 274, 294, 339 and 340. Final Operation Report 2016

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ID: <10670/1.35wjg3>


The review carried out in 2011, at the request of the Ministry of Culture, by the “Antiquity in Lower Normandy” group reports the scarcity of information on the ancient funeral domain in cities and rural areas (Coulthard et al. 2011). These shortcomings justify work to identify, identify and evaluate ancient urban necropoles in order to analyse, through changes in funeral uses, the process of acculturating the north-western cities of Gaule Lyonnaise. Since 2012, the ancient Ancient City of Alauna, currently Valognes in the department of the Channel (50), has been surveyed geophysical and archaeological in order to define their boundaries, to know the conservation and organisation of the remains and the chronology (Jeanne et al. 2012, Paez-Rezende et al. 2013, 2014 and 2015). The addition of a funeral problem and the documentation of peri-urban areas are obvious so that the understanding of this old antique agglomeration is comprehensive. This project was initiated in 2015 with an initial intervention in the form of mechanical exploration in two plots to the west of the ancient city (AS 07 and 08, Brunet, Piolot 2015). While no funeral index was encountered, with the exception of a latenian cremation residue, this operation called into question the supposed route of the main decumane lane and allowed the boundaries of the city to be moved further westwards. The indices discovered in the summer of 2015 include both large pockets and a peri-urban antique building dating from the Second — Third Century of our era, as well as a patchwork network. As a result of this experiment, the main objective of the 2016 intervention was to identify major traffic routes leaving the city, for the western and southern sections of Alauna. For example, a geophysical survey was carried out on 8 parcels in the summer of 2016. Five are located to the west and 3 to the south of the ancient city. This operation made it possible to exclude definitively the possibility of leaving the main decumane route to the west of the city. The only established axis, similar to the maximum decumanus, is that found in 2015 during the preventive search carried out prior to the construction of the Leclerc Centre in Valognes (50). This route is probably the link between Valognes (Alauna) and the Port City of Portbail (Granonna) (Paez-Rezende et al. 2015). The survey carried out in the summer of 2016 in 3 plots south of the city proved to be positive. The Maximus Cardo has been identified in 2 parcels. Positioned in a north-south axis, its route links the current Victory Way to the Blanc Pignon route, which connects to the current D24 that leads to Coutances (former Cosedia). The surroundings of this traffic axis are relatively dense in vestiges. The geophysical survey carried out on the parcel of the chapel also confirmed the existence of an underlying building of ancient origin. Works to install an electricity network on the same plot have resulted in the construction of narrow trenches and more or less deep trenches. Ancient invoice masonry, stored over 0.8 m, has been observed on several occasions, confirming the existence of a monumental building in the immediate east of the main Cardo and under the current Victory chapel.

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