The Moroccan State’s strategy since independence has been aimed at limiting the weight of cities and maintaining rural rural areas in the countryside by means of a rural spatial planning and equipment policy, a refusal of industrialist choice. Despite this proactive attitude, public action has at the same time contributed to increasing the attractiveness and role of cities. Urban growth is becoming a structural fact and the housing crisis is worsening in large cities. The private sector to which the state had left the housing initiative of the reception of rural areas. The state intervenes more widely from 1983 onwards. But the housing policies envisaged as a sectoral solution fail to overcome the contradictions created by the state’s strategies and to send the dynamics of cities. The urban system involves complex processes that are difficult to regulate. Naciri Mohammed. Urban policy and housing policies in Morocco: uncertainties of a strategy. In: Urban policies in the Arab world.