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History of Inter-Ethnic Relations in Bungorna,Mt. Elgon and Trans Nzoia Districts, 1875-1997


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Ethnic relations
Interethnic relations
Relations among ethnic groups
Inter-ethnic relations
Identity (Philosophical concept)
Economic growth
Growth, Economic
Development, Economic
Economic development
Sharing economy
Distribution, Cooperative
Collaborative economy
Cooperative movement
Cooperative distribution
Peer-to-peer economy
Composition (Art)
Social theory
Context (Linguistics)
Grammar, Comparative and general--Context
Situation (Linguistics)


This study recorgnises the significance of amity in ethnic relations in the development quests ofthe African continent. Inter-ethnic relations in this part of the world a:e constrained by various problems. The manifestations of such constrained relations in the form of co-operation, inter-dependence, suspicion and tension influence the nature of political discourses of identity. In certain cases the ethnic relations have been so bad that they have led to tragic consequences in parts of Africa. In other cases cordial inter-ethnic or intra-ethnic relations have resulted in peoples' economic growth, political stability as well as their social development. All these aspects are very interesting.Rather than set out to study inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic relations in the whole of Africa or Kenya, this study is limited to a region which covers mainly Bungonia, Mt Elgon and (the-part of Saboti Division of) Trans Nzoia districts. Major issues which are investigated include inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic interactions and their implications on the inhabitants' perception of nationhood. It is argued that inter- and intra-ethnic relations in the region under study are not only complex but also subtle to the extent that cooperation, interdependence and conflicts occurred either within specific;. ethnic or sub-ethnic composition as well as across ethnic confines. Furthermore, some skewed focus on inter-ethnic relations often lead to the weakening of nationhood as well as statehood as some political discourses of identity undermine the convergences apparently produced and reproduced by the nationalist ideology.The theoretical paradigm employed in this study considers the various changes traceable in inter-ethnic relations, notably the conflict theoretical construct. This is largely a sociologicaltheoiy, however, its sociological orientation is off loaded to give allowance for inclusion of historical imperatives and discourse in its scope. Although the restructuring of social theories is still going on, this study adopts a historical perspective which is distinct from the merging eclecticism and synthesis in social theory. It conceives conflict as a process of so1ialisation and interaction which involves the interplay of various social, economic and political factors that have shaped inter-as well as intra-ethnic-relations. Within this conflict theory, khe study has borrowed from Dahrendorfs views of conflict which is based on differential distribution of authority. In this context. Dahrendorf sees conflict as arising from conflict between the rulers and the ruled. Whereas this aspect emerges in the study, Dahrendrafs framework alone is not enough. Hence Sinime's aspect of sociation bolsters it. Besides, Simmelts prospect for the eventual conflict resolution and subsequent unity reinforces Dahrendaorfs weaknesses. For Dahrendaof s analysis ignores the existence of conflict resolutioa As the chapters unfolds these two theorists'1perspectives mutually reinforce each other and whenever need arises, the Fanonian model of violence as an emancipatoiy process is also integrated to analyse specific incidences of resistance within the study.

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