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Tensions and dilemmas in space ownership: The State’s operation in the relocation of the Villa de Paso


The city as an historic product recreates, since its origins, the fundamental contradiction of being a public space appropiated in a private manner. This paradox is complemented whit an appropiation of the territory that tends to land speculation and with the State action, conjunction that reproduces the segregation of different social groups. Since the 1990´s , in Argentina in particular, the excluding economic model deeps, involving a progressive deterioration of the life´s conditions of vast sectors of population; specifically the precariousness situation in habitat access. In parallel, the municipalities assume a new role in the management of the city, promoting concerted strategic axis of urban development that, in fact, answer to a city position that prioritizes particularly interests, opposite to a democratic and participative project. These processes evidence that, in words of Bourdieu, the space if one of the places where power is confirmed and exercised in its subtlest way, the symbolic violence as an inadvertent violence. In this context, and as a part of a wider investigation that studies the strategies of the different actors implicated in this problematic, we analyze specifically the State´s contradiction in the relocation program of "Villa de Paso" of Mar del Plata city, using the category of symbolic violence as a fundamental practice of the State.

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