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Artist interpreter status for dubbing cometers in France. Tensions fought in the years 1990-2000


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Subject (Philosophy)
Retention (Psychology)
Acts, Legislative
Legislative enactments
Laws (Statutes)
Enactments, Legislative
Legislative acts
Context (Linguistics)
Grammar, Comparative and general--Context
Situation (Linguistics)
Novellas (Short novels)


Our subject calls for a dual perspective in terms of chronological terminals. First, a primary terminal: the 1994 strike, its stages, stakes and varieties. But also a secondary boundary, induced by the desire to understand the strike, which became apparent in the course of research carried out in connection with that memory: the years 1980 and 2000-2005. It is necessary to go back to the 1980s in order to understand the challenges of the 1994 strike, such as the rapid transformation of the broadcasting markets, the Lang Law, its non-application and the rise of claims by several comedy. The 2000-2005 period marked the slow and complex resolution of the strike, with the long negotiations on the two new dubbing comedy conventions. A dual perspective also applies to geographical terminals. Indeed, while a national geographical boundary applies to us, in the sense that legal history is primarily a national history and the national terminals here have their full meaning (political issues of dubbing, labour and copyright law is regulated at the level of France), the international context is also of great importance. As we will see, the numerous tensions with Belgian and Quebec comerers make it possible to understand the interactions of the strike with foreign actors, as well as the various lawsuits taking place in the United States, which also shed light on the dubbing comedy movement in France in 1994. In that statement, I shall therefore allow a set of time scales. In one sense, dealing with this topic would like to come closer to the ambitions of micro-historians, who reduce the scale of observation, make history “at the ground” and move away from studying masses or classes in order to focus on smaller groups or individuals14 or specific events, but to lead to broader and deeper perspectives. Thus, this memory relates to the study of a small group within a microphenomen, both in its uniqueness (and its short time) and as a means of deploying other times. One of the major difficulties of this search was therefore to work and correlate a very short period of time (the four months of the strike) and a longer period of time embodied in the long roots that make it possible to build a multifactorial approach explaining the onset of the strike and, downstream, in the long (re-) negotiations which tend to stretch the results of the strike for more than ten years after the conflict.

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