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Pluralism in the field of pluralism: an alternative propox to the model de Isaiah Berlin

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KeywordsTriple Keywords
Standard of value
Value
Worth
Values
Axiology
Pluralism
Communication
Mass communication
Communication, Primitive
Volition
Conation
Will
Pictures
Iconography
Pictorial representations
Attention
Flow (Psychology)
Concentration (Psychology)

Abstract

The aim of this article is to analyse whether value pluralism can be successfully distinguished from relativism. Following Isaiah Berlin’s proposal, communication will be first presented as the key difference between the two perspectives. Then, with the help of diagrams, two different pluralist approaches to situations in which communication breaks down will be examined. This analysis, particularly focused on the question of Nazism, will prove that Berlin’s arguments in favour of distinguishing pluralism from relativism fail, since his notion of value pluralism is based only on historical and ethnocentric reasons, allegedly possessing normative force. Then, an alternative view of pluralism without relativism, built upon Berlin’s ideas, but clearly beyond his own proposal, will be offered. To conclude, it will be argued that value pluralism depicts a faithful image of our human condition and is, all in all, a valid perspective from which many valuable lessons may be learned, particularly in our current and future multicultural societies.

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