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Morphological similarities between DBM and an economic geography model of city growth (Lecture notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, 4)

Conferences and symposiums

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KeywordsTriple Keywords
Use of land
Utilization of land
Land use
Land
Land utilization
Person (Philosophy)
Agents
Agent (Philosophy)
Agency (Philosophy)
Worth
Values
Axiology
Populations, Human
Population growth
Population
Human populations
Human population
World economics
Economic geography
Geography, Economic
Behavioral sciences
Social studies
Social science
Social sciences
Human sciences
Sciences, Social
Electric communication
Telecommunications
Telecommunication industry
Telecommunication
Mass communication
Telecom

Abstract

International audience An urban microeconomic model of households evolving in a 2D cellular automata allows to simulate the growth of a metropolitan area where land is devoted to housing, road network and agricultural/green areas. This system is self-organised: based on individualistic decisions of economic agents who compete on the land market, the model generates a metropolitan area with houses, roads, and agriculture. Several simulation are performed. The results show strong similarities with physical Dieletric breackdown models (DBM). In particular, phase transitions in the urban morphology occur when a control parameter reaches critical values. Population density in our model and the electric potential in DBM play similar roles, which can explain these resemblances.

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