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Understanding and Guiding the Computing Resource Management in a Runtime Stacking Context.

Thesis

English

ID: <10670/1.hcv4gm>

Abstract

With the advent of multicore and manycore processors as building blocks of HPC supercomputers, many applications shift from relying solely on a distributed programming model (e.g., MPI) to mixing distributed and shared memory models (e.g., MPI+OpenMP). This leads to a better exploitation of shared-memory communications and reduces the overall memory footprint. However, this evolution has a large impact on the software stack as applications’ developers do typically mix several programming models to scale over a large number of multicore nodes while coping with their hierarchical depth. One side effect of this programming approach is runtime stacking: mixing multiple models involve various runtime libraries to be alive at the same time. Dealing with different runtime systems may lead to a large number of execution flows that may not efficiently exploit the underlying resources.We first present a study of runtime stacking. It introduces stacking configurations and categories to describe how stacking can appear in applications. We explore runtime-stacking configurations (spatial and temporal) focusing on thread/process placement on hardware resources from different runtime libraries. We build this taxonomy based on the analysis of state-of-the-art runtime stacking and programming models.We then propose algorithms to detect the misuse of compute resources when running a hybrid parallel application. We have implemented these algorithms inside a dynamic tool, called the Overseer. This tool monitors applications, and outputs resource usage to the user with respect to the application timeline, focusing on overloading and underloading of compute resources.Finally, we propose a second external tool called Overmind, that monitors the thread/process management and (re)maps them to the underlying cores taking into account the hardware topology and the application behavior. By capturing a global view of resource usage the Overmind adapts the process/thread placement, and aims at taking the best decision to enhance the use of each compute node inside a supercomputer. We demonstrate the relevance of our approach and show that our low-overhead implementation is able to achieve good performance even when running with configurations that would have ended up with bad resource usage.

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