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A crippled revolution : rise and transformation of Maoist revolution in Nepal


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Revolutionary wars
Parties, Political
Political party systems
Political parties
Party systems, Political
Kingdom (Monarchy)
Political power
Empowerment (Social sciences)
Power (Social sciences)
Science, Political
Political science
Political theory
Commonwealth, The
Civil government
Political thought
Mass political behavior
Practical politics
Political behavior
Electoral politics
Politics, Practical
Evaluation of literature
Literary criticism
Failure (Psychology)
Losing (Psychology)
Political economy
Economic theory


This dissertation explores how Maoist revolution evolved in Nepal, and how over the time it detoured from its political and military direction and came to a complete halt. Examining historically important documents, and views, perceptions, and insights of the Maoist actors from Marxist, structural, and political conflict perspectives, this dissertation demonstrates that the period of a closed political system under an authoritarian political system provided fertile ground for the rise of the Maoists with an ideological objective of smashing existing state and establishing a new democratic order, which implemented the armed revolution in the relatively open and partly reformed fluid political, economic and military structure in the 1990s. The analysis of the course of revolution suggests that the revolution made a very powerful headway mainly beause of the conflicting interests of and contradictions among the major political forces. Indeed, the active involvement of India, the United States of America, and the United Kingdom in Nepal forced the Maoists to halt their revolution, abandoning their core aim and strategies. This dissertation reveals that although the Maoists along with other political parties succeeded to abolish the monarchy, they failed to undertake the radical policies and programs promised during the war. Critically examining the Maoist politics and trajectories of actors involved in the revolution, this dissertation concludes that the inconsistencies in the Maoists’ aims, strategies, culture, and politics are also responsible for the failure of the Maoists to transform the existing state structure, the class relation, and nature of the economy.

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