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1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition synthesis of glycosylated heterocycles and spiro-heterocycles as glycogen phosphorylase inhibitors : biological testing and evaluation





Following many studies lead on the inhibition of glycogen phosphorylase (GP) in our laboratory an trough several collaborations, this thesis describes in five chapters and a detailed experimental section, the most recent advances in the areas of synthesis and biological evaluation of GP’s catalytic site inhibitors. Chapter I is dedicated to the description of diabetes and especially type 2 diabetes of which treatment, the main goal of this project, requires knowledge of the complex mechanisms that regulates glycemia. Synthesized inhibitors are broken down into families according to their structure which associates an heterocyclic aglycon, prone to binding in the β pocket lining the active site, with a glycopyranoside or glycopyranosylidene moiety in the case of spiro compounds. Chapter II focuses on spiro-bicyclic inhibitors such as glucopyranosilidene-spiro-1,4,2-oxathiazoles and glucopranosylidene-spiro-isoxazolines. Chapter III describes the synthesis of C- and N-glycosyl-heterocycles, mainly glycopyranosyl-1,2,3-triazoles. Finally, chapter IV studies the palladium-mediated cross coupling fonctionalization of 4-substituted-5-halogenated-1,2,3-triazoles that represents an unexpected but interesting development of the project. To conclude, chapter V gathers the evaluation of synthesized molecules as GP inhibitors. Enzymology and crystallography as well as in vitro and in vivo experiments are presented

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