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Black women in left-wing movements during the dictatorship in Brazil (1964-1985)


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Novellas (Short novels)
Santos (Art)
Appearance (Philosophy)
Employment (Economic theory)


Brazilian Black women actively participated in left-wing movements during the dictatorship in Brazil (1964-1985). Their trajectories are the result of the engagement of this social group in anarchist and communist organizations since the beginning of the 20th century. Therefore, the present thesis analyzes, on the one hand, the conceptions, evaluations and strategies framed by several political entities concerning the viability of the action of black men and women as activists. On the other hand, it analyzes the introduction of left-wing ideologies into the traditional spaces of collective mobilization of non-white communities, with the use of such ideas and methods to respond to immediate demands for food and housing, as well as to demand workers' rights and to confront authoritarian governments. Next, the research aims to investigate the life stories of nine black female activists engaged in the struggles against the established regime after 1964: Diva Moreira, Maria do Espírito Santo Tavares dos Santos, Thereza Santos, Helenira Resende de Souza Nazareth, Lucia Maria de Souza, Dora Lúcia de Lima Bertúlio, Maria Diva de Faria, Arabela Pereira Madalena and Edna Maria Santos Roland. The aim is to study the phenomenon of engagement it self, that is, their main motivations, the conditions under which militant actions were undertaken, and, finally, their experiences as black women belonging to resistance movements against the dictatorship.

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