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The challenges and opportunities of the Great Ferroviaire Vitesse in terms of local development and sustainable development: analysis based on production and ownership of service innovations


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Context (Linguistics)
Grammar, Comparative and general--Context
Situation (Linguistics)
Indicators, Economic
Business indicators
Economic indicators
Economic indicators--Statistics
Indicators, Business
Leading indicators
Historical demography
Pictorial representations
Number concept
Distribution of wealth
Populations, Human
Population growth
Human populations
Human population
Social structure
Social organization
Organization, Social
Individuation (Philosophy)
Individuals (Philosophy)
Particulars (Philosophy)
Social systems


There are many high-speed train projects in Europe and elsewhere in the world. These projects are now part of a context of sustainable development, and their ambition is primarily to limit, or even counter, the continuous growth of road transport for people. However, this primary ambition is accompanied by many other expectations, in connection with this new high-speed transport offer. Numerous academic research shows that no systematic effects in terms of economic dynamics are the result of the mere presence of a transport infrastructure. The results of our research do not confirm any major effects on traditional economic indicators: jobs, location of businesses, demography, etc. The only undisputed effects of TGV services are image effects associated with membership of the TGV city club, and this is the case only when the cities served are characterised by a lack of image. However, the LGV must be recognised as having an undeniable role in mobilising local and regional stakeholders. However, even under these conditions, the results are not automatic. The results thus reveal a variety of cases which reflect the impossibility of a single response and the importance of territorial contexts. A distinction can be made between several groups of criteria affecting the potential for effects and their intensity: — The criteria relating to the TGV system, namely the location of the station (preferably urbanised) and the intensity of the service, -The criteria relating to the macroeconomic context, -Criteria relating to the characteristics of the regions. Our work shows that the territory must therefore be regarded both as a resource base, which can be assimilated to a space offering a number of wealth (businesses, population, amenities, natural characteristics), but also as a social structure defined by the strategies of the actors. It is therefore necessary to consider how the infrastructure complements the resources present in the territory, but also and above all as part of the social relations system, which also defines the territory. The intensity of the results will therefore depend on the degree of coordination of strategies around TGV services, which provides an indication of the extent of this system of industrial relations. The question will then be whether the TGV can be a ‘structuring’ of industrial relations or whether the established industrial relations can evolve effectively with the arrival of the service. The intensity of the results will depend on whether individual interests are not contradictory in relation to the service. However, if the territory is regarded as a social system, it becomes difficult to incorporate territorial effects into the evaluations of major projects structured around quantitative indicators. The economic calculation is now the main evaluation tool. It makes it possible to quantify the costs and additional costs of a project and thus to compare projects with each other. However, the complexity of the interactions between infrastructures and territories calls into question the methods of evaluation, and in particular economic calculation, which appear to be inappropriate to grasp it. Our research calls for a multi-criteria assessment to promote qualitative criteria alone that can translate the social structure of the territory, leaving the weighting of the criteria in the hands of decision-makers.

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