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The concept of faktura in visual arts in Russia, 1910-1920. At the intersection of formalistic and forensic approaches

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French

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Abstract

The Notion of faktura in Theories of the Visual Arts in Russia during the 1910s and 20s : at the Crossroads of Formalist and Phenomenological Approaches. The highlighting of faktura by David Burljuk and Waldemar Matvejs (1912 – 1914) followed by Tatlin, Punin and Šklovskij made it possible to extract the materiality of the work and turn it into a value as such which, by antonomasia, became the notion of contemporary art. During the 1920s, the theoretical thinking that accompanied constructivist and productivist practices opted for a “technical” orientation and was based on a rather primitive vulgate of materialism. However, true terminological research was carried out within the context of the INXUK and the RAXN / GAXN, where the avant-garde concept of faktura, based on mixing together the space of the work and real space, was taken over in a critical way by the sculptor Vladimir Domogackij and the theoreticians Dmitrij Nedovic and Aleksandr Gabricevskij. They were interested in faktura as an imprint of the creator’s subjectivity, making this notion into a kind of “Urform” of the aura of Walter Benjamin. Thus, the debate on faktura led to the essence of the work of art as such.

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