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Sensory binding by action : Role of internal models and diagnostic approach in Alzheimer's disease

Thesis

French

ID: <10670/1.vxme7g>

Abstract

If the perception of our environment seems easy and natural, the visual attributes of various objects are processed in space-time which are their own by engaging distinct neural pathways. The issue of binding of sensory information into a single percept is then arise. In this thesis, the issus of sensory bending was studied in relation to voluntary motor action. In position of passive observation, the point of subjective simultaneity (PSS) shows that a color change had to occur 40 ms before a change of position to give rise to a perception of two synchronous events. Performing a manual reaching movement reduced significantly the pSS (-3.3 ms) only when the time and space gap between the end of the motor action and environmental change does not exceed 250 ms (-0.6 ms) and 2 cm (3.8 ms). However, if a learning situation is induced by the presence of new sensorimotor contingencies, sensory binding by action can be observed for larger time intervals (up to 1000ms). This sensory binding by action, demonstrated for the first time, would be underpinned by predictive mechanisms associated with internal models. A last study showed the diagnostic interest of the study of relation perception/action during aging. Specific profiles of responses were observed in patients with Alzheimer on task testing the relations perception/action. These studies provide arguments for an important role of action in perception and cognition.

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