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The influence of French law on the political regime in Mauritania

Thesis

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Disciplines
KeywordsTriple Keywords
Acts, Legislative
Legislative enactments
Laws (Statutes)
Enactments, Legislative
Legislative acts
Law
Business economics
Managerial economics
Science, Political
Government
Politics
Political science
Political theory
Administration
Commonwealth, The
Civil government
Political thought
Associations, institutions, etc.--Constitutions
Constitutions
Republics
Separation of powers
Separation of powers--Law and legislation
Powers, Separation of
Division of powers
Checks and balances (Separation of powers)
Judiciary
Courts
Courts--Law and legislation
Worth
Values
Axiology
Equality
Egalitarianism
Social inequality
Social equality
Inequality
Justice
Injustice

Abstract

This study is about the political regime in Mauritania, especially with regards to the preponderant influence of French law on this regime – a strong influence on the state’s central administration and on decentralized local administration, as well as on the whole of the political institutions.The first Mauritanian constitution of March 22, 1959 was directly inspired by the Constitution of the Fifth French Republic of October 4, 1958 – and the setup of a democraticregime « à la française », a « rule of law » with a separation of powers. However, this influence of French law on the Mauritanian political regime remains limited, for political,cultural, economic, religious, and social reasons. Several difficulties related to the adaptation of French law by the regime, and consideration of specificities of Mauritanian society, have been raised in this study. Indeed, no « rule of law » can be constituted without the unconditional respect of all human rights, and without applying the principle of equality,independence of the judiciary, and transparency in matters of public services.The Mauritanian political regime, while very influenced by the values andfundamental principles of French law, remains an ensemble of rules of Islamic origin and of« Sharia law », like most Arab and Muslim countries.

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