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The International Influence of Flemish Prints in the 16th and 17th centuries: Mural Paintings in the Church of St. Bethlehem and All Savior’s Cathedral, New Julfa (Isfahan)

Thesis

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KeywordsTriple Keywords
Number concept
Ontology
Being
Drawings
Sketching
Drawing
Authority
Literature--Style
Literary style
Style, Literary
Evidence
Proof
Ornament
Nature in ornament
Decoration and ornament
Decorative design
Art, Decorative
Design, Decorative
Painting, Decorative
Decorative art
Western art (Western countries)
Arts, Fine
Fine arts
Iconography
Art, Visual
Arts, Visual
Occidental art
Visual arts
Art
Art, Occidental
Art, Western (Western countries)
Evolution

Abstract

At the end of the 16th century and during the 17th, Flemish engravings played a crucial role in the dissemination of European iconographic models all around the world, from the Far East to the New World. Their influence is also discernable in the mural paintings of the Armenian churches in New-Julfa, near Isfahan (Iran)..This thesis establishes a number of iconographic sources, the main ones being the illustrations from the Natalis Bible, the work by the Spanish Jesuit Geronimo Nadal published in Antwerp in 1594/5. Most of these engravings were executed by the Wierix Brothers after drawings by Bernardino Passeri and Marten De Vos. Pictorial content was also transmitted to New Julfa's artists (e. g. Minas and Mrkuz) through other works: Thesaurus Sacrarum Historiarum Veteris et Novi Testamenti, also published in Antwerp (1579), and Theatrum Bibllicum first published in Amsterdam in 1639 as well as through single prints. The author also analyses how the sources are used and points out how the painters transform the model in order to adapt them to their local audience.

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