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Forced migration of the branches of the Spanish Empire to Italy (1767-1801): creative integration and religious identity

Articles

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KeywordsTriple Keywords
Literature
World literature
Western literature (Western countries)
Belles-lettres
Imperialism
Neocolonialism
Colonialism
Expansion (United States politics)
Empires
Global politics
International politics
Political history
World politics
Comparative religion
Religions
Denominations, Religious
World religions
Religion, Comparative
Religious denominations
Religions, Comparative
Pictures
Iconography
Pictorial representations
Poetry--Philosophy
Poems
Poetry
Verses (Poetry)
Human emotions
Feelings
Passions
Emotions
Volition
Conation
Will
Identity
Identity (Philosophical concept)
Thought and thinking
Thoughts
Thinking
Mind
Emotions (Philosophy)
Passion-plays
Inclusion, Social
Social integration
Social inclusion
Integration, Social

Abstract

The work of the enlightened hispano-American Jews, residing in Italy, reveals a wide and diverse cultural panorama, beyond the great signatures such as Viscardo or Clavigero. Since the 18th century italic peninsula, melancolic but also committed literature has become, in the long term, the extension of American patriotism. By condemning Spanish colonialism, the prosaic or poetic opus of these religions reproduces a subjective image of Jesuitic exile from an instructive and human point of view. Masters of a vast culture and high sensitivity, the follow-on writers demonstrate the tragedy of what has been termed, euphemically, extra-ñamiento, this forced migration that clips the Jignatian community according to its Spanish or American origins. Although, for some historians, the deportation of the Jews was much less inhumane and more ‘illuminated’ than those of Jews and Morisks, the trauma of an exile which manifests itself in the elegiac poems of Velasco or in those of Landívar should not be overlooked. Since the distance from the facts, a wide bibliography, which encapsulates creole and Amerindian cultures, has revealed feelings dictated by pain, and independent reflections of passion and nostalgia. It will then be necessary to emphasise the multi-faceted nature of these texts, while at the same time returning them to a religious identity deeply marked by intellectual activism.

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