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Characterizing water security with a watershed approach: Case study Veracruz, Mexico


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Mass communication
Communication, Primitive
Standard of value
Use of land
Utilization of land
Land use
Land utilization
Concept formation
Education of children
Human resource development
Education, Primitive
Number concept
Journals (Periodicals)
Provincial-federal relations
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Powers, Division of
Federal government--Law and legislation
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Federal-state relations
State-federal relations
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Industrial production


[EN] Mexico does not have an instrument to measure water security (WS) and 47 % of its states have extremely high water stress. This research characterized and evaluated a WS index in Veracruz, with a hydrological basin approach, using geographic information systems to analyze variables, indicators and dimensions in Mexico. The results indicated that 11 watersheds (19 %) had a High WS, 21 (36 %) Medium WS, 20 (35 %) Low WS and 6 (10 %) Very Low WS; no watershed reached Very High WS. 77 % of the basins presented a decrease of water from 2014-2020 and the indicator with the lowest value was “infrastructure”. Consequently, measuring the current water availability must be modified by a water balance and making a strategic planning infrastructure. For other regions, replication of the proposed WS index is considered feasible. Beck, M.B., Villarroel, R. 2013. On water security, sustainability, and the water-food-energy-climate nexus. Frontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering, 7(5), 626-639. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-013-0548-6 Cervantes-Jiménez, M., Díaz-Delgado, C., González-Sosa, E., Gómez-Albores, M.A., Mastachi-Loza, C.A. 2020. Proposal of a water management sustainability index for the 969 sub-basins of Mexico. Journal of Maps, 16(2), 432-444. https://doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2020.1763486 Chen, J., Yang, S., Li, H., Zhang, B., Lv, J. 2013. Research on geographical environment unit division based on the method of natural breaks (Jenks). Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci, 3, 47-50. https://doi.org/10.5194/isprsarchives-XL-4-W3-47-2013 CONABIO. 2020. Monitoring Activity Data for the Mexican REDD+ program (MAD-Mex). Cobertura de Suelo Sentinel 2, 2018. https://monitoreo.conabio.gob.mx/snmb_charts/descarga_datos_madmex.html Damania, R., Desbureaux, S., Rodella, A.S., Russ, J., Zaveri, E. 2019. Quality unknown: The invisible water crisis. 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