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Discriminative Bernoulli HMMs for isolated handwritten word recognition


KeywordsTriple Keywords
Mass communication
Communication, Primitive


[EN] Bernoulli HMMs (BHMMs) have been successfully applied to handwritten text recognition (HTR) tasks such as continuous and isolated handwritten words. BHMMs belong to the generative model family and, hence, are usually trained by (joint) maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) by means of the Baum-Welch algorithm. Despite the good properties of the MLE criterion, there are better training criteria such as maximum mutual information (MM!). The MMI is the most widespread criterion to train discriminative models such as log-linear (or maximum entropy) models. Inspired by a BHMM classifier, in this work, a log-linear HMM (LLHMM) for binary data is proposed. The proposed model is proved to be equivalent to the BHMM classifier, and, in this way, a discriminative training framework for BHMM classifiers is defined. The behavior of the proposed discriminative training framework is deeply studied in a well known task of isolated word recognition, the RIMES database. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Work supported by the EC (FEDER/FSE) and the Spanish MEC/MICINN under the MIPRCV ‘‘Consolider Ingenio 2010’’ program (CSD2007-00018), iTrans2 (TIN2009-14511) and MITTRAL (TIN2009-14633-C03-01) projects. Also supported by the IST Programme of the European Community, under the PASCAL2 Network of Excellence, IST-2007-216886, and by the Spanish MITyC under the erudito.com (TSI-020110-2009-439). Giménez Pastor, A.; Andrés Ferrer, J.; Juan, A. (2014). Discriminative Bernoulli HMMs for isolated handwritten word recognition. Pattern Recognition Letters. 35:157-168. doi:10.1016/j.patrec.2013.05.016

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