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HERMENÉUTICA DE LA FACTICIDAD, [PSICO]TERAPIA Y ARTE. UN ESTUDIO TEÓRICO-PRÁCTICO PARA LA INTERVENCIÓN EN GRUPOS DE SALUD MENTAL

typ_thesis

Spanish

<http://hdl.handle.net/10251/63267>

Abstract

[ES] This work is of a theoretical and practical nature. It is an attempt to bring Martin Heidegger’s thinking, mainly the existential analytics developed in Ser and time, closer to the field of artetherapy. Thus, on the one hand, some facts and aspects are presented and analysed in order to fully grasp the dialogue that took place in the 1960s between the heideggerian approach and the fundamentals of verbal psychotherapy. On the other hand, the aim is to identify the potential that this conceptual and philosophical framework has for practice in artetherapy and, specifically, in a group in the field of mental health. The first section focuses on the reasoned presentation of Heidegger’s existential phenomenology and freudian psychoanalysis as two poles of tension which may potentially give rise to a certain type of therapeutic practice. The Zollikon Seminars will be of particular importance in this regard: a series of meetings in Switzerland with the active participation of Heidegger, which lasted over a decade (1959-1969) and during which its conceptual project was measured with relevant Central European psychiatrists and psychoanalysts. The first chapter analyses some fundamental aspects concerning the work Ser and time, which will be relevant both for entering the transdisciplinary exchange condemned in the Seminars and for establishing the basis for what in the second section will be extrapolated to the practice of artefacts. The second chapter covers the pillars of freight-testing, both the metapsicology project and the basis for Psychoanalytical practice, the principles of which underlie the tradition of modern psychotherapy and artetherapy. The third chapter alters some of the key aspects discussed during the Zollikon Seminars and the findings of freudiana praxis that could be interpreted in the light of this therapeutic orientation, as well as the criticism of its theoretical foundations. It also notes the outcome and possibly more relevant projection following this dialogue between such disparate disciplines: a method of analytical intervention called Daseinsanalysis and guidance which, although not a homogeneous body, is protected by the British School of Existential Therapy. Lastly, the basis of the analysis group as put forward by S. H. Foulkes is presented. His thoughts on the organisation and formal understanding of group therapy were examined by Hans W. Cohn in order to advance a hypothesis on the potential of the phenomenológico-existential cutting theory in this therapeutic format. This working model has guided my work as an artist. The second section contains a personal working experience with a device group located in a mental health unit for crisis care, short and half-stay. After describing the material conditions and characteristics of the site where this group is located, two sessions and three individual cases/processes of members of this group are presented. The second chapter aims to shift some of Heidegger’s existential phenomenology budgets to the scope of the device. To this end, some situations from the practice set out in the previous chapter will be restored in order to maintain a continuous dialogue between the most significant conceptual aspects and practice. The third chapter, in order to take account of the possibilities that this conceptual framework brings about both for the actual work in the sessions and subsequently for the discussion of them, will analyse the three cases presented above. Finally, by way of summary, the conditions, practice and theoretical arguments which they allow are summarised in

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