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Pattern of genetic variability of Solanum habrochaites in its natural area of distribution

Articles

<http://hdl.handle.net/10251/80199>
KeywordsTriple Keywords
Evolution
Populations, Human
Population growth
Population
Human populations
Human population
Evidence
Proof
Biogeography
Species distribution
Geographical distribution of animals and plants
Species--Geographical distribution
Areography (Biology)
Appearance (Philosophy)

Abstract

The tomato wild relative species Solanum habrochaites (previously known as Lycopersicon hirsutum) is a potential source of novel genes for tomato breeding. It shows resistance to many diseases and pests, cold tolerance and fruit quality traits. This species inhabits the western Andean slopes at high elevations from central Ecuador to central Peru. In this study the genetic variation of S. habrochaites was studied using 91 accessions from the whole range of distribution of this species. To this end, we employed two kinds of markers: 9 SSRs and 6 AFLP combinations. The Principal Coordinate Analysis based on AFLP data showed the existence of clinal genetic variation from north to south. The accessions of the different geographic groups were sequentially arranged in the first axis from north to south and a clear separation between them was found. The groups from the centre of the area of distribution showed the highest variation and heterozygosis. 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