Theophile legend is complex and occupies a privileged position in the medieval West. It is represented in several manuscripts and on numerous windows. She is also sculpted on the walls of a few churches and has a vast textual tradition at an early stage. The aim of this study is to analyse this topic by linking it to historical reality, human behaviour, as well as continuals and returns between images, texts and their environment. For example, the serial and relational study of fifty images from various media (manuscripts, windows, sculpted images), combined with the analysis of several texts, reveals the dynamics and inventiveness of the representations of this legend, particularly between the 19th and 16th century.