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‘Memoriales monuments’ in Chile.


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in Chile, historical memory processes have been linked to the practices of public art and city making from their origins to the present day, distinguishing three main forms, each directly linked to the historical, political and social processes that the country experienced. At the outset, we can see the Statutory Commemorative, by which the moral and historical ideals of this new republic are built in favour of its prosperous, unlethal bronze. Republican idealisations generate primary historical memories of European, political and aesthetically speaking orientations. Secondly, and almost a century later, we can recognise the clear and strong influence that Mexican muralism had, as a new form of public art where the still pedagogical view was placed on the continent and its people, conveying a popular memory of Latin American and local ideals. Finally, with a third form of historical memory already directly linked to the concept of ‘symbolic reparation’ specific to democratic governments that existed after the military dictatorship, which use public space as one of the means for the development of post-memory. Carried out through the development of the memorial in the urban environment, with these projects providing the community with tangible and physical milestones that symbolise this new democratic, equal and human rights society.

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