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The Balkans on the geographical maps of Claudius Ptolemy

article

<oai:doaj.org/article:68740a5d30284b9b949961319a786a8f>
KeywordsTriple Keywords
Maps
Plans
Geography
Social anthropology
Races of man
Ethnography
Cultural anthropology
Ethnology
Communication, Primitive
Communication
Mass communication
Revival of letters
Renaissance--History
Renaissance--Europe
Renaissance
Mind
Thought and thinking
Thoughts
Thinking
Schooling
Instruction
Education
Students--Education
Human resource development
Education of children
Pedagogy
Children--Education
Education, Primitive
Youth--Education

Abstract

The paper deals with the historical-geographical analysis of Ptolemy's maps known as Table V and Table IX. The maps were found in the "Urbinas Manuscript" of Ptolemy's work "Geography", which originated in the first half of the 2nd century AD, so it is accepted that the maps are from that period also. On the Fifth Map the western part of the Balkan Peninsula was presented, and on the Ninth Map the area of the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, in the pre-Roman and early Roman era. On maps and in the text, which serves as an explanation of the maps, there are plenty of data from topography and ethnography, and astronomical positions for more places. The data on the maps are not always consistent with the information in the text. Although there are also false geographical representations, these maps were ahead of their time in terms of cartographic methodology, geographical precision and toponomy. For over a millennium, this Ptolemy's work was lost and unknown in Europe, and when it was found in the 15th century, it significantly affected the Renaissance of geography and cartography, and the Renaissance of scientific thought in general. In this paper, the author deals with features and content analysis and identification of toponyms that have been presented on these maps, which have been aged more than two thousand years. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. 176017]

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