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Al-Biruni is a sociologist and anthropologist


Arabic, English



, al-Biruni (973-1050H) Abu Rayhan Mohammed bin Ahmed, a specialist in mathematics, medicine, sociology, philosophy, anthropology and geography. He was valued by foreign scholars and dissidents due to his scientificity, the breadth of his approach, and the abundance of research and literature he wrote and published. In his book The History of Mathematics, the scientist Smith said that Peruvians were the brightest scientists of his time in mathematics and that Westerners owed him their information and their influences in science, literature and the arts. Edward Sakhau was so impressed by him that "Heik Abu Rihan al-Biruni is the greatest thinker on the planet. The Russian Orientalist Bar Told said that his views were still worth reading today, and that his works were distinguished in terms of the abundance of its materials, the diversity of its subjects, the accuracy of its facts and her strong commitment to the origins of scientific, theoretical and experimental research. He is taught by senior professors of his time in mathematics, astronomy, medicine, geography, sociology and grammar. He contacted many intellectuals and philosophers of his time, and approached them and attended their lectures and classes, including Senna's son, Farabi, Canadian, and Saudi. He was also influenced by Greek culture and Indian wisdom, about which he studied much in the library of a Samian prince. He was familiar with the origins of the Arabic language, knowing its secrets, rules and literature. Along with it, he was fluent in Persian, Sanskrit (in India), Greek, Hebrew and Syriac.4 His universalization did not cease at this point, but extended to many countries that claim the honour of being associated with him or say he is one of their innocent citizens. The Russians consider him to be one of their own citizens, who erected a statue at the Moscow University Museum in recognition of him, and the Faculty of Oriental Studies at Tashkent University was named at the University of Peruni. A number of Russian researchers have dedicated their scientific efforts to realizing its cognitive heritage (5). The Russians claim the honour of being associated with the Peruvians, who consider him Turkmen of origin. The Persians also mourn the honors of the Peruvians. He is indeed of Persian origin, but he settled the issue himself when he chose the Arabic language of Sana and Islam as his religion. (6) how not, as an Arabic-language, religious Muslim, world of thought and prestige.

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