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The Torockó Myth. Notions to the Sociographic Interpretation of Heritage Space

article

<oai:doaj.org/article:de66af3174fb4a47873bb81431641374>
KeywordsTriple Keywords
Myth
Novels
Fiction--Philosophy
Fiction
Metafiction
Stories
Novellas (Short novels)
Belles-lettres
Western literature (Western countries)
Literature
World literature
Foreign languages
Language and languages
Languages
Exchange
History
Annals
Civil liberty
Personal liberty
Freedom
Liberty
Emancipation
Liberation
Parliamentary government
Political representation
Representative government and representation
Self-government
Representation
Retention (Psychology)
Memory
Identity (Philosophical concept)
Identity

Abstract

The paper shows the development of a myth about Torockó in the literary works (fiction and scientific literature as well). The analysis follows the myth from its foundation in the 19th century to the second half of the 20th century. Finally, the paper analyses the symbolic language of monument space as well. Our conclusion is that myth can be interpreted as the basis of cultural heritage space emerging after 1990. The myth fills up the architectural environments with social contents (narratives, memorial images etc.). In fact, the discourses react on the architectural forms as well. The founders of Torockó myth (e.g. Mór Jókai, Balázs Orbán) in the 19th century used a romantic language. They created a picture which influences the view about Torockó until today (for example “lunar landscape”). It is also important to mention that Torockó was a significant site on the “national map” of Hungary. After 1920, as part of Romania, Torockó became the symbol of minority life and the cultural exchange between Hungarians, Germans and Romanians (see the idea of “Transylvanism”). However, the authors continued the tradition of romantic language. Only the third generation – working during the communist dictatorship in the second half of 20th century – changed the language tools. They revised some basic elements of Torockó’s history (like the German origin, see by Zsigmond Jakó). The effect of their work is interesting in the sense that it has not decreased, but strengthened the myth. Finally, the paper shows the heritage transformations of the past two decades from the special aspect of the Torockó myth. This means an understanding of how the heritage protection displays the myth, as well as how the heritage space contributes to maintaining the myth. From this point of view, is important to interpret the reconstruction of mining houses of 17-18th centuries as an act remembering on myth of “freedom”; the renewing of houses from period 1860-1890 as a representation of myth of “German origin”, and so on. Thus, the monument protection of townscape is not only an architectural intervention but in the same time a creation of space of cultural heritage and a social fact of collective memory and historical identity.

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