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Death and cathedrals in Provence (12th-14th century)
Relations between death and the medieval church have been explored by European historians since the beginning of the 20th century. They are here analysed within the 22 dioceses of « Provence » during the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries. Using a large and varied documentation, essentially produced by c...
From stagflation to depression
The relative success of the fight against inflation and excessive attention over the short period tend to mask trend developments in developed economies. The political consensus on the idea of restoring the “big balances” means that the reasons for the continuing rise in unemployment in Europe — a f...
From neoliberalism to social-populism?: The transformation of the economic programme of the Front National (1986-2012)
The empirical analysis of developments in the Front National’s socio-economic programme since the 1980s shows that the party has gradually moved away from its original neoliberal preferences to adopt a redistributive, protectionist and interventionist agenda, the centre of gravity of which is now to...
Chapter 4. Risk prevention
L’intensité et la fréquence des événements hydro-météorologiques extrêmes sont susceptibles d’évoluer notablement en région méditerranéenne du fait du changement climatique. Les projections climatiques concernant ces extrêmes restent certes incertaines, mais nos sociétés doivent se préparer à ces év...
La Guerre froide dans les manuels scolaires d’histoire français de 1960 à 2011 : le roman national, suite… et fin ?
International audience L’histoire en tant que discipline scolaire a été utilisée depuis le XIXème siècle comme instrument de construction de l’identité nationale, et cet enseignement est toujours aujourd’hui jugé indispensable à la formation du citoyen. Pourtant, il a considérablement évolué (au gré...
European cohesion policy post-2013: trends
The preparation of the future European cohesion policy for the period 2014-2020 is largely on track. This policy is the European Union’s solidarity tool: by mobilising different structural funds, it aims to reduce economic, social and territorial disparities between European regions. Christophe More...
Australian culture between the West and the East
‘titrebSummary’/titrebDu from a cultural point of view, Australia has long been defined as a western country and in particular British, which has led it to blindly blur its specific characteristics, in particular with regard to the aboriginal people, and to cultivate a genuine phobia in Asia. In rec...
The Libyan revolution seen in Beijing
Since about ten years, the economic presence of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in North Africa has increased significantly. The Maghreb and Mashreq countries have become major suppliers of China’s energy and mining raw materials, but also significant business opportunities. Recent institutiona...
Living arrangements and household formation in an industrializing urban setting: Rostock 1867-1900
`titrebSummary`/titrebThis paper reintroduces to the historical-demographic literature the problem of the relationship between a set of processes generally labeled as “industrialization” and “urbanization”, and family change. Employing quantitative methodologies to the censuses of 1867 and 1900, we...
How to explain the large variations in exchange rates? Can economic theories reflect these developments? What role do the decisions of cross-border banks and companies play in determining exchange rates? Why do exchange rate fluctuations fail to eliminate international imbalances? What exchange rate...
IRANGKOR. Iron in Angkor. Metal production, circulation and consumption in the Khmer Empire, Cambodia (IXIVe s): an interdisciplinary approach
International audience C’est à partir du site d’Angkor, au Cambodge, que l'Empire khmer étend entre les XIe et XIIIe siècles son influence politique et culturelle en Asie du Sud-Est continentale. Il est communément admis que la puissance de cet empire reposait sur la mise en place d’un réseau routie...
World model of arable crop production and trade. Projections and simulations of the Wemac model. Final report
Deepening the modelling work of the global arable crop model has been broken down into three phases of work: (I) the enhancement of the model (better representation of agricultural trade policies, geographical disaggregation), (ii) the implementation of the model to predict developments in the main...
Water services in sub-Saharan Africa. The urban fragmentation in question
For network fragmentation, reforms, focusing on economic efficiency and performance, have aggravated socio-spatial inequalities and weakened urban cohesion. Dedicated to water services, this book shows that current developments are also likely to unblock underequipments and improve access, particula...
The limits of social Europe, reconciling respect for diversity and integration of social policies
The way to consider “social Europe” is often wrong because national features that would be valid at Community level are assumed. In fact, what is known as “Social Europe” is quite different at Community level from national systems, which remain the place of de facto solidarity. This is due to many f...
UNO and the promotion of the human rights in Africa : The case of French-speaking sub-Saharan Africa.
The present reflection on the framework of intervention of UNO in the field as of human rights, in French-speaking sub-Saharan, pursues two principal goals. The primary goal aims at showing that the United Nations Organization is very committed on the ground of the human rights, in the countries of...
Prospects for the French economy by 2010
This projection of the French economy over a six-year horizon — 2010 is the end — has been produced by the French Observatory for Economics (OFCE) using its model for simulating the French economy, e-mod.fr. It is essentially macroeconomic in nature. However, experts focused on drawing as much guida...
The dissemination of public data produced in the context of education and research
The PNER (1999-2001), implemented by the House of Human Sciences and supported by the Ministry of National Education, Research and Technology, analysed changes in usage, proposed a reflection on standards and worked on the legal issue in the field of ICT for teaching and research. Teaching and resea...
The myth of Pascal Paoli and Napoleon Bonaparte in Corsica from 1970 to today. From the riacquistu to contemporary research : reflections of the ideological, political and socio-economic evolutions and finalities of a historical reconciliation
In Corsica, during the years 1970-1980 the images of Pascal Paoli and Napoleon Bonaparte are opposed and irreconcilable. Paoli represents the Corsican national identity and Napoleon the autocrat betraying Corsica in favor of France. From the 2000s, the Corsican press, imbued with scholarly publicati...
Mutualist medicosocial foregardism: back on a white page of the history of Mutuality (1850-1945)
From the middle of the fifteenth century to the Second World War, the mutual movement pushed many health and medical achievements: pharmacies, dispensaries, non-profit institutions, clinics, etc. This article sets out these achievements, grasps the objectives of mutual societies and describes how th...
The forced landing of the American eagle
Are the US declining? Few people today would agree with this assertion. This belief, which is to say that the end of American hegemony has already begun, is not the result of the vulnerability revealed by the events of 11 September 2001. In fact, the decline of the United States as a global power da...
More than one century in the Société géologique du Nord: Reflection of their place in the French higher education and research
International audience The Société géologique du Nord (SGN) is a French learned association open to all people involved in Earth Sciences. Its role since its creation at the end of the XIXth century (1870) is to be an intermediate between the academic, industrial and public circles. Therefore, the s...
On the book of Jean-Raphaël Chaponnière and Marc Lautier, Economy of Southeast Asia. At the crossroads of globalisation
This book, written by two recognised French specialists in South East Asian economies, presents itself as a handbook for undergraduate and undergraduate students. It can usefully fill an editorial vacuum and update our knowledge of economic developments in a key region of the Asian continent, consis...
Real world economic evaluation of cancer management cost of lymphomad and chronic myeloid leukemia
The French health care system has difficulties to manage health expenditure, which places decision-makers in front of budgetary constraints making necessary to prioritize strategies in public health. In this context, Economic Evaluation and Health Economic Evaluation (HEE) help to an optimal allocat...
Understanding and supporting the evolution of production strategies in fruit tree farms : The case of apple crop protection in France
Markets ask for perfect looking fruits without any symptoms of diseases or insect bites. To fulfill these criteria, fruit tree farmers spray pesticides that have negative impacts on human health and on the environment. Alternative methods can be risky and affect the economic performances of the farm...
The critical constitution of the “fifth power”, a condition for democracy today
This article aims to reflect on the contribution of new information and communication technologies to democratic freedom. He began by recalling the emancipating role of the press in accordance with the Enlightenment scheme, and then noted the socio-economic changes to the effect that our societies w...