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Capture-mark-recapture modelling suggests an endangered status for the Mayotte Island (eastern Africa) population of Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins
International audience We evaluated whether the Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphins around the fast-developing island of Mayotte are threatened. We used opportunistic photo-identification data and capture- mark-recapture models to estimate key demographic parameters and then assessed the conservation s...
Dominasi Medis Modern Atas Medis Tradisional Suku Sumuri, Teluk Bintuni, Papua Barat
Declaration 1990-2015 MDG's 4 and 5 points in Indonesia fail due to a decrease in maternal and infant mortality rate is not reached until three quarters. Sumuri District, in West Papua is one of the area that maternal and infant mortality rates high, althought free health care for its residents. Thi...
Female Life Expectancy Rates and Factors Affecting them: An Analytical-Quantitative Study
The study aimed to detect the expectations of life expectancy of women since birth according to the diversity of the communities and to examine the most important social, cultural, economic, and demographic determinants. These have been identified as: the proportion of annual population increase, ra...
Route of a search: Social and fertility organisation in Africa
Les institutions et les modes de vie sont beaucoup plus fortement tributaires des niveaux de fécondité de la population que l'on ne le suppose. L'Afrique sud-saharienne offre un terrain particulièrement propice pour le découvrir. En effet, les institutions traditionnelles ont en quelque sorte été fo...
Phylodynamics of viral infections
International audience Phylodynamics is a recent field that aims at using genetic sequence data to estimate epidemiological parameters such as the viral population growth rate, the number of infections in the population or even their duration. Its main underlying assumption is that the way viruses s...
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Effets biologiques du retard à la première maternité et du recours à l’aide médicale à la procréation sur la descendance finale
Fertility trends in European countries since the 1960s have been characterized by a notable decline in the completed fertility of successive cohorts (with an even greater decrease in the total fertility rate) and a rapid rise in age at first birth, of around 3-4 years over three decades. At the same...
Bárcena, F. "Hanna Arendt. A birth rate philosophy "
Between autonomy and integration. The main youth and family policy schemes in Germany
Les débats politiques actuels en Allemagne autour de la jeunesse sont marqués par deux problèmes majeurs : un taux de chômage élevé qui indique les limites du système d’apprentissage et un faible taux de natalité qui appelle à une réorientation profonde des politiques familiales. Ces deux problèmes...
The impact of team diversity on design performance.
Today's works are often completed in a team, organizational performance can be improved through team cooperation, communication and coordination. However, the personality diversity of team members will affect team performance and may have positive or negative impacts. The results of past research ar...
HOW DOES AGE AT ONSET OF MENTAL ILLNESS ASSOCIATE TO LATER EDUCATIONAL AND EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES?
Objective: mental illness is the leading cause of sick leaves and disability pensions in many developed nations. In Finland, 51% of disability pensions were caused by mental illness in 2017. We investigated how age of onset (AOO) of mental illness affects long-term employment outcomes in prospective...
Maternal, partner, and infant health outcomes following traumatic childbirth
Aims: This thesis aimed to address important gaps in the scientific literature regarding the aftermath of traumatic childbirth on maternal, partner, and infant health outcomes, by 1. testing the effects of an early maternal behavioural intervention (visuospatial task procedure) on family health outc...
Control of lymphoid organ CD169+ macrophage differentiation by stromal cells through the RANK-RANKL axis
Lymph node CD169 + sinusoidal macrophages are sentinel cells that recognize the danger signals and initiate the protective immune responses. However, the signals and the mechanism underlying their formation are not well known. During my thesis, I have shown that the cytokine Receptor Activator of NF...
Seasonality of Births in Croatia
The aim of this paper was to investigate seasonal fluctuations of the number of births in Croatia. Vital registration data from the years 1970–2002 was used for analysis of the quarterly data (from the years 1970–1997), and monthly data (from the years 1998–2002). Both data sets were smoothed, using...
KRBAVICA (Fragments from the Historio-sociologic Study of Lika's Village)
sis of its socio-economic conditions throughout the history, from the beginning of XVIII century to the present days. The village is situated at the karst field in Lika (province of Croatia), 647 m above the sea level, in the mountmous climate conditions; its arrable land is very small and covers on...
Call for communication: The economic, social and political challenges of ageing
Colloque organisé par le CLERSE du 22 au 24 novembre 2012, Lille, France En France et en Europe, le vieillissement de la population est une réalité démographique et sociale. Le faible taux de natalité, couplé à une immigration fortement ralentie et un allongement de la durée de vie, engendrent un vi...
Cumulative parenthood rates in 6,507 couples treated by in vitro fertilization
International audience Study question. This study aimed to estimate cumulative parenthood rates (PR) 7 to 9 years after IVF initiation, including various paths to parenthood (treatment, spontaneous conception and adoption).Summary answer. Seventy-one percent of couples had achieved parenthood 7 to 9...
Crossbreeding parameters of some productive traits in meat rabbits.
Dampak Peningkatan Jumlah Wanita Bekerja Karena Meningkatnya Taraf Pendidikan Terhadap Fenomena Shoushika Di Jepang (2002-2007)
Shoushika is a phenomenon facing today's Japanese society. Shoushika become a trend since the increasing female workers delay childbearing which consequently decrease the birth growth in Japan. Due to the decreasing number of future generations, the rate of Japanese economy is hampered and causes re...
Childhood Injuries and Their Sustainable Prevention from the Perspective of Parents and Grandparents
Higher injury rates among children is a significant post-COVID-19 phenomenon. This paper focuses on injury frequency in pre-school, as well as in younger school-age children, and maps the approaches used by families to prevent injuries and ensure child safety in the Czech Republic. The aim of the su...
Lost toys. Uruguay births lost by migration in the period 1996-2010
Este artículo mide el impacto de la migración internacional sobre la natalidad uruguaya del período 1996-2010 a través de la comparación de los nacimientos ocurridos y los nacimientos esperados en ausencia de migración. En este ejercicio contrafactual se asume que la fecundidad de las mujeres que re...
Pregnancy Outcome Following Maternal Exposure To Statins: A Multicenter Prospective Study
Introduction: Statin use for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia in women of childbearing age is increasingly common. However, published data on pregnancy outcome after exposure to statins are scarce and conflicting. This contribution addresses the safety of exposure to statins during pregnancy.Me...
Plurilingualism and migration in French Guiana
Human mobility and migration movements always played an important role in the history of French Guiana. However, for the last 30 years, new migratory flows and a high birth rate have led to demographic and social changes. This paper deals with their impact on linguistic practices, multilingualism an...
O analiză transversală asupra declinului demografic al României în profil teritorial
This paper aims to explore the 'demographic decline' in Romania, focusing the analysis on its territorial profile. The major indicators used are birth rate, mortality rate and old persons' percentage. The analysis for the most recent data (for the year 2006) illustrated four levels of intensity for...
Risk factors associated with boys’ and girls’ developmental trajectories of physical aggression from early childhood through early adolescence
IMPORTANCE This study used multitrajectory modeling to identify distinct trajectories of physical aggression from ages 1.5 to 13 years for boys and girls. OBJECTIVES To trace the development of boys’ and girls’ physical aggression problems from infancy to adolescence using mother ratings, teacher ra...
Problems of teaching organisation in combined (Split) classes in rural areas of the Republic of Serbia
Due to negative demographic trends that primarily took hold of rural areas in the Republic of Serbia as early as at the end of the twentieth century - a decline in birth-rate and migrations from rural to urban areas, the question of ever growing number of combined classes and their organisation is b...