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The anopheles: Biology, Plasmodium transmission and antivectoral control
Le paludisme est la première parasitose humaine par sa fréquence et sa gravité. Son contrôle constitue l'un des principaux objectifs du millénaire. Véhiculé par un moustique anophèle, le paludisme est cosmopolite, mais connaît une situation épidémiologique particulièrement préoccupante en Afrique su...
Territorial intelligence in the era of mapping dashboards.
International audience OBJECTIVES AND CONTEXT Territorial intelligence is becoming a vital issue in sustainable development and territorial planning. Relevant tools are now available for compiling and analyzing different levels of data (local, provincial, national); they guide decision makers in the...
Relevance of an interdisciplinary approach to studying malaria and vector-borne diseases in Cameroon in a monsoon context
Hardware implementation of a pseudo random number generator based on chaotic iteration
Security and cryptography are key elements in constrained devices such as IoT, smart card, embedded system, etc. Their hardware implementations represent a challenge in terms of limitations in physical resources, operating speed, memory capacity, etc. In this context, as most protocols rely on the s...
Modification of the common toad (Bufo bufo) exploratory behaviour and navigation capacity in response to landscape fragmentation
Landscape fragmentation increases resource distribution and constrains animal movements. Two kinds of adaptive strategy have been revealed in response to this selective pressure: an increase or a decrease of animal capacity and propensity to move. I studied the resistance strategy (i.e. increase of...
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Insecticide Resistance : Importance in the transmission of chikungunya virus by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes
The mosquito Aedes aegypti is well known as the main vector of Chikungunya, in absence of effective vaccinations and available treatments, mosquito control strategy remains the principal prevention and defense measures for disease control. Nevertheless, the problem of resistance to insecticides is w...
Reunion knowledge, attitudes and behaviors regarding health and the environment 18 months after the chikungunya epidemic
International audience The outbreak of Chikungunya in Reunion in 2005/2006 surprised by its intensity and by the appearance of serious forms. It has left health professionals and relatively poor populations facing the lack of appropriate treatment. From the example of Chikungunya, the general object...
Chapitre 6. Addressing Vector Borne Diseases in traditional Communities in Colombia : Proposing Capabilities to Achieve Sustainable Prevention through recognition and improvement of women health takers roles
Vector Borne Diseases are a recurrent public health problem, especially in developing tropical countries where they restrict the normal development of both individuals and communities. Traditional control measures of these diseases are limited, which make necessary their synergy with more acute heal...
Identification of arthropods and associated pathogens by MALDI-TOF MS and study of the relationship between arthropods and bacteria
This work focuses on three main parts, a first part presents an epidemiological study of bacteria associated with soft ticks in Algeria, or we identified morphologically and confirmed by molecular biology six species of Argasidae. In addition, looking further we could detect Borrelia hispanica in Or...
ALTERNATIVES. What alternatives to the chemical control of Chagas disease vectors?
Chagas disease or American Trypanosomiasis is an essentially rural disease which affects 20 million people in South America. Transmission to man is mainly the fact of hematophagous bugs of the Reduvidae family of which Triatoma infestans, a main vector in the Southern Cone countries (Argentina, Boli...
Learning from ranking data : theory and methods
Ranking data, i.e., ordered list of items, naturally appears in a wide variety of situations, especially when the data comes from human activities (ballots in political elections, survey answers, competition results) or in modern applications of data processing (search engines, recommendation system...
Invasion of Aedes albopictus in tropical forest and potential for the emergence of zoonotic viruses in Brazil
Zoonotic emerging diseases are increasing during the last decades. There is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms of this emergence, in particular to study the underlying ecological factors determining spill-over events, the transfer from animals to humans. Being native from Asia, the tiger mo...
Experimental development and field application of innovative tools for arthropods identification
Hematophagous arthropods such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas are of significant importance in public health because of their ability to transmit major diseases to humans and animals. Vector control and epidemiological vector surveillance are essential in the strategy of combating vector-borne disea...
Complex-Valued Embedding Models for Knowledge Graphs
The explosion of widely available relational datain the form of knowledge graphsenabled many applications, including automated personalagents, recommender systems and enhanced web search results.The very large size and notorious incompleteness of these data basescalls for automatic knowledge graph c...
Factor analysis for acoustic modeling of speech recognition systems
In this thesis, we propose to use techniques based on factor analysis to build acoustic models for automatic speech processing, especially Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR). Frstly, we were interested in reducing the footprint memory of acoustic models. Our factor analysis-based method demonstrated...
Stomoxys calcitrans : assessment of the role in the transmission of Besnoitia besnoiti and new methods of control
The Stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans, is a common and worldwide-distributed blood-feeding fly. It is the vector of numerous pathogens including Besnoitia besnoiti, a cyst-forming coccidian parasite of cattle. Vector competency of S. calcitrans for B. besnoiti remains poorly understood. We investigate...
Identification of Ixodes ricinus female salivary glands factors involved in Bartonella henselae transmission
Ticks are obligate blood-feeding ectoparasites of many hosts including mammals, birds and reptiles. After mosquitoes, they are the most important vectors worldwide, and are able to transmit the highest variety of pathogens including virus, bacteria and parasites. Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae), th...
Hervé Dangla’s photograph: a place of interculturation
Dans le présent dont nous sommes les agents et patients discriminables sous les termes ego, hic et nunc, nous vivons la médiation, notamment interculturelle, comme une réalité qui nous est désormais immanente et qui conditionne nos existences modernes, de plus en plus circonscrites dans un espace-te...
La borréliose de Lyme : un risque sanitaire émergent dans les forêts franciliennes ?
Lyme borreliosis is the most prevalent and widespread vector-borne disease in temperate zones of the northern hemisphere. It has been considered as an emerging disease, since its recognition as a distinct clinical entity in 1977, and its incidence has increased rapidly during the past decades. In th...
Aedes aegypti in Martinique : ecology and transmission of arboviruses
Aedes aegypti mosquito is a major public health problem because it is the main vector of Yellow Fever, Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika viruses worldwide. In the Americas, the mosquito was introduced from Africa during the seventeenth century. In Martinique, between 2013 and 2016, the species has active...
Geomatics and epidemiology: characterising favourable landscapes for Culicoides imicola, bluetongue vector in Corsica
Major environmental changes due to a great variety of causes (such as anthropic pressure or climate change) are shifting the capacity of ecosystems to harbour vectors and the diseases they transmit. Bluetongue (BT), an arboviral disease of ruminants which recently emerged in the Mediterranean Basin,...
Improvement of the geometric 2D and 3D representation of fish aggregations in support of their spatial and temporal evolution
Geographic information systems (GIS) are powerful tools to manage, analyse and represent spatial data. They are used in various disciplines, including marine biology. One of the most important phenomena intensively studied by marine biologists is the dynamics of fish. This is partly because there is...
Influence of breeding sites on the bacterial microbiota, the vector competence and survival of the Aedes aegypti mosquito
The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the main vector for dengue (DENV) and Zika (ZIKV). It becomes urgent to develop new tools to reduce the transmission of these viruses to humans by the mosquito. One promising area concerns bacteria associated with mosquito vectors: the bacterial microbiota. The natural...
Insecticide resistance and malaria transmission by Culex pipiens mosquitoes
The evolution of insecticide resistance in mosquitoes threatens our ability to control many-vector-transmitted diseases, thereby raising serious public health issues. Insecticide resistance entails numerous physiological changes in mosquitoes. This thesis investigates whether these physiological cha...
Arthropod repellent having a long lasting effect : pharmacotechnic investigation, in situ fate and effectiveness
The repellents are natural or synthetic molecules whose aim is to prevent theapproach of arthropods to avoid transmission of vector-borne diseases. A typicalexample is the transmission of Leishmania infantum responsible for canineLeishmaniasis, which is contracted after a sandfly bite on a dog. The...