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Snake, source of health Le serpent, source of health: the body of snakes in the gréco-romain therapy
International audience Authorities for this paper are principally the works by physicians, like Dioscorides, Aretaeus or Galen, and the books dealing with remedies in Pliny the Elder's Natural History. Ancient medicine prescribed treatments including the adder, but snakes without specification were...
The inheritance of Ippocrate in pharmacology
In the gynaecological and nosological treatises of the Hippocratic collection there is a rich heritage of pharmacological materials. Doctors of later ages show an ambivalent attitude toward these materials: they quote Hippocrates to give authority to their works even if they consider it outdated fro...
Marketing of mumps. The myth of the Egyptian Mumia in the business context of Modern Age
Neolith of Kosovo and Metohia as a special cultural phenomenon
In the conclusion of the work on interpretating the conclusion of the two most beautiful Vinčan sculptures from Kosovo and Metohia, one from the locality of Predionica and the other from Bariljevo, the author l says some facts interesting to all which have been so far overlooked by all previous rese...
Nosebleed: the many virtues and names of Yarrow
By Gabriella Zuccolin Yarrow. From Dioscorides, De medicinali materia.Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Before starting my research on anomalous bleeding and vicarious menstruation in medieval and Renaissance medicine, I was already well aware that according to Hippocrates, Aphorism V.33, “in a woma...
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For a new edition – and translation – of Dioscorides' De materia medica
Presentation of the project of a new edition (and French translation) of Dioscorides' 'De materia medica). As an example, one chapter is proposed (new greek edition, with apparatus criticus and English translation)
Dioscorides, or polyphony (on a new version of Antonio Guzmán)
El helenista Antonio Guzmán Guerra nos regala (y nos sorprende) con una nueva y peculiar versión de El libro de los venenos, atribuido al médico griego Pedacio Dioscorides (Anazarba, Cilicia, en Asia Menor, c. 40 - c. 90). Junto a la rigurosa versión catellana del texto griego, el traductor ha tenid...
Benedictus TEXTOR and the teaching of Dioscorides’ ‘medical subject’
Exhaustivo estudio de las Stirpium differentiae de Benedictus Textor (1534), obra que intenta en su época que los futuros médicos conozcan de una forma sistemática las propiedades galénicas de las plantas, recuperando de modo científico el significado exacto de la obra de Dioscórides.
The paradigmatic image: the Anatomic Schemas of Aristote at the Dioscoride Medical University
When studying the relationship between text and image in a single medieval manuscript with a medical topic, it is not uncommon to find large differences between the two media. There are cases where the writing is admittedly accompanied by miniatures, but where these are not reflected in the words: t...
Agromorphological genetic diversity of Spanish traditional melons
Madrid: Bedeutendes Digitalisierungsprojekt allgemein zugänglich
Nicht zum ersten Mal war ich heute auf der spanischen Seite der UCM mit dem Digitalisierungsprojekt Dioscorides, wobei ich mich bislang immer geärgert hatte, dass die vielen digitalisierten (vor allem medizinhistorischen) Bücher des Altbestands nur lokal abrufbar waren. Um so grösser war meine Ã?ber...
Cross-readings of Greek medicine in the Oriental Middle Ages and the Occidental Renaissance: case studies in theory and practice
International audience Rhazes (9th cent.), and Leonhart Fuchs (16th cent.) were good readers of the Greek physicians (Hippocrates, Galen, Dioscorides etc.). Fuchs, well known for his criticism of the Arabic medicine and his promotion of the Greek one, is actually a meticulous reader of Avicenna, Rha...
A Byzantine recension of Dioscorides. Historical analysis of manuscripts and text editing
Mass Digitization at the Complutense University Library: Access to and Preservation of its Cultural Heritage
In the mid-1990s, the Library of the Complutense of Madrid (UCM) applied the growing body of new technologies to a pioneering project: the digitization of a valuable collection of biomedical books. The result of the project was the Dioscorides Digital Library. Up to 2006, however, the pace of digiti...
Self-medication and diet of Antonio de Medrano, epicurious lighting: his gastronomic ‘cédulas’
El autor - que ha editado el proceso de Navarrete y tiene en preparación el de Toledo contra Antonio de Medrano - demuestra en este trabajo la falsedad procesal de la acusación de "epicúreo y gran hereje" que el fiscal Diego Ortiz de Angulo utiliza para detenerlo en 1530 y obtener pruebas contra otr...
Kermes and cochineal; woad and indigo. Repercussions of the discovery of the new world in the workshops of european painters and dyers in the modern age
Kermes and woad were two of the most important colourings employed in Europe for painting and dyeing in particular from very early times. The discovery in the first half of the twentieth century of traces of kermes in the Couches-du-Rhone cave in the south of Provence (France) dates the knowledge an...
Studies on Medical Materials of Dioscorides in the Islamic era
Pedanius Dioscórides fue médico cirujano en el ejército romano en el siglo I d.C. Su gran obra llamada De Materia Medica es conocida como la principal fuente de farmacopea de la antigüedad. Dioscórides fue el inventor de la materia medica, y aprovechó sus extensos viajes para dedicarse al estudio de...
Natural stories in Rome between Antichi and Nuovi Mondi. The Dioscorides of Andrés Laguna and the Mexican Animals of Johannes Faber
Translation of the "Herbarius" of Pseudo-Apuleius with notes and commentary
The primary objective of my research was to offer a modern and technical translation of the Herbarius of Pseudo-Apuleius. This document dates back to the 4th century and contains medical prescriptions associated with plants. During the Middle Age, the book was quite successful as numerous copies are...
DIOSCORIDES: On medical remedies. Manuscript from Salamanca. Studies and translation. Editions of the University of Salamanca, Salamanca, 2006, 497 pp.
Wine and Myrrh as Medicaments or a Commentary on Some Aspects of Ancient and Byzantine Mediterranean Society
The present study has resulted from a close reading of prescriptions for therapeutic wines inserted in book V of De materia medica by Pedanius Dioscorides, the eminent expert in materia medica of the 1st century A.D. The authors emphasise the role of wine varieties and selected flavourings (and espe...
The books VI to VIII of Galen’s treatise On Simple Drugs : textual transmission and annotated translation
The aim of the thesis is to provide a French translation of Galen’s treatise On Simple Drugs, books VI to VIII, which focuses on plants of pharmacological interest. To understand the nature and the aim of the work, I related the physician to his historical and cultural contexts, the 2nd century AD,...
The transmission of Dioscorides in the East
Wine, hellebore and myrrh, i.e. on physicians and their patients. An analysis of a passage preserved in book V of „De materia medica” by Dioscorides
The present article is based on an analysis of a passage included in book V of De materia medica by Pedanius Dioscorides, the leading authority on materia medica of the 1st c. AD. The authors, focusing on the extract devoted to therapeutic wines flavoured with hellebore, emphasise the role of select...
Preliminary Notes on the Physician Krateuas (2nd–1st Century BC). A New Collection of his T and F
The physician Krateuas lived in the first part of the 1st century BC, worked at the court of Mithridates and wrote a Rhizotomikon (Herbal) of which only a few fragments remain. More than a century ago, Max Wellmann studied this physician (1897; 1898) and collected his Testimonies (T) and Fragments (...