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Press or media, literature or media culture? Question of concepts
Pierre Bourdieu would like to recall, after Marx, that the texts do not travel with their context. It should be emphasised that, strictly speaking, they should be read in the context of their relative adjustment report, which is also in many respects their intelligibility and relevance. Calls also f...
Economie numérique, économique collaborative, économie solidaire : quel(s) rapport(s) ?
Paleopathological damage in the medieval leprey of Saint-Thomas d’Aizier (Eure): latest data
Lèpre is a particular disease in the Middle Ages, the representations of which vary between curse and benection, sacer and Sanctus, avers and setbacks in the same room that Durkheim referred to as ‘sacred’. Religious constructions, these ambivalent images have an impact on behaviour towards the inju...
When “I” is called forgotten: address poetic in a novel of Laurent Mauvignier
peer reviewed Depuis Loin d’eux jusqu’à Continuer, l’ensemble des textes de Laurent Mauvignier aborde selon des situations narratives diverses la question de la difficulté de dire et de l’incommunicabilité. Chacune de ses publications invoque en effet l’enjeu et la nécessité de faire advenir une par...
Prepare and transport the jars in the Mediterranean. Nevertheless, the contributions of the ethnographic image
are generally poorly exploited, or even misused, the ethnographic or ethno-tourism images of the late 19th and 20th century, but they are valuable testimonies of universal, unfamiliar and sometimes disappeared practices. As a result of systematic collection, the contributions of this ‘pittoresque’ d...
The complaint by the battu dog, or the disenchantment poetry (1991-2013) by Michel Houellebecq
This is a study of Michel Houellebecq’s officials, in keeping with the aims and the framework of sociocritic (Duchet, Robin, Popovic). Each of its three chapters explores a research that has been required by its presence in the work: urban life, social life and the city’s cities. The main hypothe is...
Convicium and Clamor: Roman justice in the face of crowds
Scipio Sighele and the offending crowd
Introduction to the major work of Italian criminologist S. Sighele, The criminal crowds, this article seeks to identify ideas, knowledge and challenges that contribute to the formation of the concept of mass in the second half of the 19th century in Italy. At the crossroads of medico-legal concerns...
The Avenue de la Free Speech
in Tunis, what crowd on the Avenue! Not that of employees who go to their offices without pressure, nor that of officials of the Ministry of the Interior who start their day to arrow the central ground, monitor and listen to cafés. It is a mass of new faces, young girls and young women who are attac...
Dance little children
Refuser de donner le nom de ses partenaires équivaut à les condamner à mort Le délégué régional agit pour le bien de la communauté et son unique objectif est de stopper la transmission de la maladie 16 38 br La partenaire anonyme br Le film s attarde sur une situation particulière la relation d un s...
Sport and body aesthetics in totalitarian countries
The aim of the article is to study the impact of totalitarian ideologies on sports practices. In our hypothesis, sport activities in totalitarian countries are collective actions, combining the ambivalent contributions of the crowd and exploring different psychosocio-logical trends: competition, coo...
‘Forgers and lockers’ facing the machine: the destruction of the workshop in Jacques Sauvade (1 and 2 September 1789)
on 1 and 2 September 1789, a crowd of quincors went to Furet-la-Valletta, a small municipality bordering the city of Saint-Étienne, where Mr Jacques Sauvade set up a workshop on the course of the Furet river to make hardware items. Within this production unit, the machines occupy a central place whi...
Behaviour detection through semantically networked multi-agent models, applied to the situation awareness application domain, especially in asymmetric environment with uncertain and imprecise information.
This PhD thesis presents a patented innovative method for the detection of collective behaviors. Using fusion processes on data captured from a multi-sensor network, recent monitoring systems obtain the observation sequences of monitored people. This lower level of situation awareness was measured t...
The trainer, the verifier, the imitator: Three ways in which human platform workers support artificial intelligence
International audience This paper sheds light on the role of digital platform labour in the development of today's artificial intelligence, predicated on data-intensive machine learning algorithms. Focus is on the specific ways in which outsourcing of data tasks to myriad 'micro-workers', recruited...
The Lisbon earthquake. The city, from the riverside of the river, spread over the hills, with a spark of whiteness. In his Don Juan, a century earlier, Tirso de Molina talked about it as the eighth meritorian of the world. Although autumn is advanced, this morning’s temperature is mild: 17,5°. A lig...
H M or the space of the dein
In the melting of Michaux’ black crossed chain with a red and white whale photograph in no more than a contrasting whale. A man matured in the mirror of a window L image of his face ends with that of a portrait of Michaux. The commentary cites the poet. It is an inner state that it should be able to...
From scouring to black flush: variation in the picture of the scourge in some realistic Fin-de-Siècle stories
This article envisages the depiction of the scourge and wishes to focus on a particular case of scourge, which appeared at the end of the 19th century in realistic stories: the black flush. This character amplifies features that are already present in the traditional scourge described in the panoram...
Notre-Dame de Paris or the internalisation of gothic
The article looks at the relationship between Victor Hugo’s historical novel, Notre-Dame de Paris (1831) and Mr G. Lewis’s Gothic novel, Le Moine (1796), to show how the romantic literature takes over some gothic patterns to move their reach and meaning. The rewriting of certain scenes, such as that...
Use of psychoactive substances and functional transom in techno
‘titrebSummary’/titreb. based on a sociological field survey, the aim here is to study how the consumption of psychotropic substances combined with immersion in a specific musical atmosphere, namely techno music, makes it possible to reach a particular and rather rare state of transe in western soci...
Does the bury do the event?
‘titrebSummary’/titrebIt is often based on the emotions experienced by participants in the integrative effectiveness of crowd gatherings. ‘Crying on the back’ would bring together consciences, when it is not the crucible of civic engagement: this is suggested by many commentators witnessing tendenci...
Comprehensive analysis of actors’ opportunistic behavior in co-creation platforms
The literature on co-creation platforms has been mainly focused on studying the crowds (i.e., participants) and that by investigating their motivations, their characteristics, and the strategies they use (i.e., cooperation, competition, coopetition). Therefore, researchers did not study opportunism...
Art is always political: politics is not art
The state Providence with short money, which is unwilling to face the overly critical steps of artistic practices, is increasingly finding an alternative to private funding soon established as a neoliberal cultural policy, which seems to have made the United States merchandise and is willing to rela...
From the ‘fiumana dell’Umanità assetata di giustizia’ to the consensual crowd of fascism: about the portrayal of the crowd in painting
Laura Malvano’s article is dedicated to the depiction of the crowd in the figurative arts. In pivotal years between the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, crowd is a privileged object of iconic language. It is a symbol for artists such as Emilio Longoni and Giuseppe Pelli...
The Folla nel romanzo storico italiano da Manzoni a Pirandello
After 1789, no romancier can escape the need to make the new collective subject and actor of history visible on its pages. From Manzoni to Verga, to D’Annunzio and Pirandello, the crowd may therefore constitute the threat of a frightening and uncontrollable explosion of almost animal irrationality o...
In the rubble of the Palais de l’History.
"our race was long before we saw a suspended building in space. It was broad. It was not even fishing by the foundations, since it was not based on anything. It was at the entrance to this building that our vessel stopped. We descend into the crowd of those who entered the building. They were aged w...