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Worldwide mortality from cirrhosis: an update to 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cirrhosis mortality showed large changes over the last few decades. METHODS: Age-standardized (world standard) cirrhosis mortality rates per 100,000 were computed for 41 countries worldwide over the period 1980-2002 using data from the WHO mortality database. RESULTS: In the early 1...
Calculation of the disease burden associated with environmental chemical exposures: application of toxicological information in health economic estimation
International audience Calculation of costs and the Burden of Disease (BoD) is useful in developing resource allocation and prioritization strategies in public and environmental health. While useful, the Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY) metric disregards subclinical dysfunctions, adheres to stri...
In-Hospital Mortality of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction before and after Introduction of PCI in Split University Hospital Center, Croatia
Aim of the study was to estimate the in-hospital mortality and death rate in patients with AMI according to gender and location of infarction during 5 years before and after the introduction of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures in Split University Hosptial Center, Croatia. The hosp...
Survey of management of first-ever seizures in a hospital based community.
Epidemiological studies focusing on first-ever seizures have been carried out mainly on community based populations. However, since hospital populations may display varying clinical features, we prospectively analysed patients with first-ever seizure in a hospital based community to evaluate prognos...
Implication of non-coding RNAs in myocardial infarction and ventricular remodeling post-infarction
Myocardial infarction (MI responsible for left ventricular remodeling which can be deleterious and the development of heart failure (HF). HF is one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide and despite many improvements, it remains a major challenge in clinical practice. Recent discoveries in gen...
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Understanding the Risks of Gastric Bypass Surgery (Out of Print)
Abstract The number of gastric bypass surgery continues to rise with an estimated 150,000 procedures being completed in 2006. As a result, the need for educational resources such as this one for patients and physicians alike has never been greater. This 60-minute webcast provides education about the...
Perkinsus marinus, a protozoan parasite of the eastern oyster, has a requirement for dietary sterols
International audience Perkinsus marinus, a protozoan parasite of the eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, causes high mortality in its host along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of North America. P. marinus meronts cultured in vitro in medium containing complete lipid supplement (cod liver oil, chol...
How to evaluate a health education action?
Sur quels fondements et référents théoriques évaluer une action d'éducation pour la santé ? Chantal Vandoorne analyse la spécificité de l'éducation pour la santé, impossible à évaluer à partir d'indicateurs épidémiologiques, comme la mortalité. Elle souligne à quel point la modification d'une attitu...
PERFORMANCE OF 3 RABBITS STRAINS AND THEIR RECIPROCAL CROSSES IN EGYPT DURING SUMMER.
A moderate protein diet does not cover the requirements of growing rabbits with high growth rate
Cleveland Study of the Elderly: a Follow-Up, 1984-1988
This follow-up survey, funded under two separate grants from the National Institute on Aging (NIA), reinterviewed survivors of STUDY OF THE WELL-BEING OF OLDER PEOPLE IN CLEVELAND, OHIO, 1975-1976 (ICPSR 7773). The first part of the project, "Cleveland GAO Study of the Elderly: A Follow-Up", was con...
Determining preterm LABOUR THROUGH cervical BIOMETRICS AND Fetal Fibronectin
Problem statement The main problem for fetal morbidity and mortality in twenty first century is still the premature delivery. It`s very highly searched how to predict which women will give preterm labour. The most widely used method of ultrasound cervical length measurement can determine the patient...
José Calpena asked the Company for its support for ‘La Valenciana, a mutual insurance company against the mortality of useful animals’, accompanying the brochure of this entity
The determinants of the use or non-use of childbirth by nomadic women in Gossi in Mali and the potential strategies to facilitate it
Context : More than half of all maternal deaths worldwide occur in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). In Mali, the maternal mortality ratio was 368 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 2012. This maternal mortality is largely dependent on the non-use of assisted delivery. For nomadic pastoralists (30 t...
Are older patients at increased risk for hospital and long term mortality after prolonged mechanical ventilation?
Control of Hypsipyla grandella Zéller larvae with biocidal extracts
En Peru00fa existen una alta diversidad de especies biocidas nativas e introducidas con potencial insecticida para el control de plagas y enfermedades en sistemas productivos, siendo asu00ed, el objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el efecto de dosificaciones de extractos biocidas (Ruta graveolens-R...
Effects of dietary 25-hydroxycholecalciferol on growth, production performance, eggshell quality and bone traits of brown egg layers housed under commercial conditions
Degree: Master of Science Abstract: The effects of dietary 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25OHD) on growth, production performance, eggshell quality and bone characteristics of laying hens were evaluated in a field trial in Colombia. At day 1 of age, a total of 17,750 Hy-Line Brown pullets were placed o...
Cardioprotective effect of Matricaria recutita in ischaemia and reperfusion processes
The myocardium is considered the most important tissue in the heart, which has the ability to contract and relax in response to intrinsic and extrinsic stimuli, it is anatomic surrounded by a capillary vascular network that irrigates it continuously carrying nutrients and oxygen and also serves to e...
Multi-Stemmed Habit in Trees Contributes Climate Resilience in Tropical Dry Forest
Understanding how environmental adaptations mediate plant and ecosystem responses becomes increasingly important under accelerating global environmental change. Multi-stemmed trees, for example, differ in form and function from single-stemmed trees and may possess physiological advantages that allow...
Canadian Estimate of Bird Mortality Due to Collisions and Direct Habitat Loss Associated with Wind Turbine Developments
We estimated impacts on birds from the development and operation of wind turbines in Canada considering both mortality due to collisions and loss of nesting habitat. We estimated collision mortality using data from carcass searches for 43 wind farms, incorporating correction factors for scavenger re...
Evaluation of the death records quality in Brazil: Sociodemographic determinants of incomplete education information
This paper aimed to evaluate the relationship between the lack of filling in education level information of adult deaths in the Brazilian Mortality Information System (SIM, by its Portuguese acronym) with sociodemographic characteristics of the deceased. Using sociodemographic information from SIM,...
Parasitism and food web dynamics of juvenile Pacific salmon
There is an increasing realization of the diverse mechanisms by which parasites and pathogens influence the dynamics of host populations and communities. In multi‐host systems, parasites may mediate food web dynamics with unexpected outcomes for host populations. Models have been used to explore the...
Redox Status and Proteostasis in Ageing and Disease.
Morbidity and mortality from preventable, noncommunicable chronic disease (NCD) threatens the health of our populations and our economies. The accumulation of vast amounts of scientific knowledge has done little to change this. New and innovative thinking is essential to foster new creative approach...
Measuring the mortality reductions due to cancer screening
Identification of new MHC class I-restricted human tumor antigens for immunotherapy
Summary Cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries (as an example, colorectal cancer accounts for about 300'000 new cases and 200'000 deaths each year in Europe and in the USA). Despite that many patients with cancer have complete macroscopic clearance of their disease...