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Closing the Loop Around Neural Systems
Closed-loop neurophysiology has been accelerated by recent software and hardware developments and by the emergence of novel tools to control neuronal activity with spatial and temporal precision, in which stimuli are delivered in real time based on recordings or behavior. Real-time stimulation feedb...
The utopian garden: The natural history in France of the former Regime
Fondé in 1635, under the leadership of Buffon, acquired a high reputation. Unlike other monarchic institutions, he not only survived the Revolution but became one of the largest public scientific institutions: the National Museum of Natural History, which is still in full swing. The book shows the s...
Does nature still have a place in geographical circles
Human beings change, design and ‘artificial’ geographical circles to the point of wondering whether nature still has a place there. The very title of that question, which serves as a basis for the book, gives rise to the hypothesis of a decline of that nature. However, it is not so much the impact o...
Virus bioinformatics is evolving and succeeding as an area of research in its own right, representing the interface of virology and computer science. Bioinformatic approaches to investigate viral infections and outbreaks have become central to virology research, and have been successfully used to de...
Radio Galaxies at TeV Energies
It is common believe that the centers of all galaxies exhibit supermassive black holes with masses ranging from millions up to billions of the mass of our Sun. By accreting surrounding matter, the luminosity of these galactic nuclei can outshine the emission of their host galaxies. If this is the ca...
Investigating Grammar in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD hereafter) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by deficits in communicative and social skills. The vast majority of research on language in ASD has focused on pragmatic difficulties, while less is known about structural aspects of language in this population...
The Neonatal Immune System: A Unique Host-Microbial Interface
Emerging from the protective environment of the uterus, the newborn is exposed to a myriad of microbes, and quickly establishes a complex microbiome that shapes the infant’s biology in ways that are only now beginning to come to light. Among these exposures are a number of potential pathogens. The h...
Melt Water Retention Processes in Snow and Firn on Ice Sheets and Glaciers: Observations and Modeling
Melt takes place where the surface of glaciers or ice sheets interacts with the atmosphere. While the processes governing surface melt are fairly well understood, the pathways of the meltwater, from its origin to the moment it leaves a glacier system, remain enigmatic. It is not even guaranteed that...
The Brassicaceae Agri-Horticultural and Environmental Perspectives
This Frontiers Research Topic "The Brassicaceae- Agri-Horticultural and Environmental Perspectives" is an effort to provide a common platform to agronomists, horticulturists, plant breeders, plant geneticists/molecular biologists, plant physiologists and environmental plant scientists exploring majo...
Mathematics for Healthcare
In 1996, and with extraordinary prescience, Panfilov and Holden had highlighted in their seminal book 'Computational Biology of the Heart' that biology was, potentially, the most mathematical of all sciences. Fast-forward 20 years and we have seen an explotion of applications of mathematics in not o...
Recent Advances in Doppler Signal Processing and Modelling Techniques for Fetal Monitoring
The guest editors of this eBook have accepted 10 very high-quality submissions for inclusion in a special issue of Frontiers in Physiology. The key difference between this eBook and contemporary fetal physiology related literature is that this Research Topic summarizes additional insights into the p...
Executive Function(s): Conductor, Orchestra or Symphony? Towards a Trans-Disciplinary Unification of Theory and Practice Across Development, in Normal and Atypical Groups
There are several theories of executive function(s) that tend to share some theoretical overlap yet are also conceptually distinct, each bolstered by empirical data (Norman and Shallice, 1986; Shallice & Burgess, 1991; Stuss and Alexander, 2007; Burgess, Gilbert, & Dumentheil, 2007; Burgess...
DNA, statistics and the law: a cross-disciplinary approach to forensic inference
From ABO typing during the first half of the 20th century, to the use of enzymes and protein contained in blood serums and finally direct DNA typing, biology has been serving forensic purposes for many decades. Statistics, in turn, has been constantly underpinning the discussions of the probative va...
Adaptive Function and Brain Evolution
The brain of each animal shows specific traits that reflect its phylogenetic history and its particular lifestyle. Therefore, comparing brains is not just a mere intellectual exercise, but it helps understanding how the brain allows adaptive behavioural strategies to face an ever-changing world and...
Advances in Systems Immunology and Cancer
Aims and Scope: The Research Topic is designed to feature the latest innovative and leading-edge research, reviews and opinions on the study of complex and dynamic processes related to the mammalian immune system and cancer. All papers were meticulously selected to present our readers the multidisci...
Multisensory Integration in Action Control
The integration of multisensory information is an essential mechanism in perception and in controlling actions. Research in multisensory integration is concerned with how the information from the different sensory modalities, such as the senses of vision, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and propriocep...
Clinical use of biomarkers in neurodegenerative disorders
The prevalence of neurodegenerative disorders is increasing dramatically and one of the major challenges today is the need of early and accurate diagnosis, the other is the need of more effective therapies -in turn the development of such therapies also requires early and accurate diagnosis-. The ma...
South African Initiative to End Plastic Pollution in the Environment
Beetles, collections and men
The beetles represent a significant fraction, not only of Museum collections, but also and above all of the environment. They serve as indicators for many constantly evolving parameters and their inclusion is therefore of paramount importance for environmental management. Their study is primarily ba...
History of Fridericiana. Stations in the history of the University of Karlsruhe (TH) from its foundation in 1825 to the year 2000
The history of the University of Karlsruhe (TH) is given its first detailed overview of the history of the University of Karlsruhe (TH). The author Klaus-Peter Hoepke (deceased in 2004) describes the skill of the institution set up as a polytechnic school in 1825 from its early stages, through the l...
Significance of Enhancement Technique In Segmentation of Image and Signal: A Review of the literature
Significance of Enhancement Technique In Segmentation of Image and Signal: A Review of the literature<br /> <br /> Abstract:<br /> From the last 70 years, there is continuous development in the field of digital image processing such as geology, biology as well as in medical fields. Solving many prob...
Spectrophotometric Determination of Amoxicillin Trihydrate by Coupling with Diazotized 2,4-dinitroaniline
Abstact:<br /> A simple , accurate and sensitive spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of amoxicillin trihydrate (AMOX) as pure and in pharmaceutical preparations (capsule) . This method based on the coupling reaction of drug with diazotized 2,4- dinitroaniline reagent i...
Study of Electrical Properties of Silver Nanoparticles on Porous Silicon
In this paper, porous silicon has been prepared and studied by photochemical etching method using a n-type silicon wafer with electrical resistivity (0.01-0.02 Ω.cm), orientation (100), hydrofluoric acid of 20% HF, current density of 15 mA / cm2 and etching time at (5 min). Silver nanoparticles (AgN...
study of nuclear structure of even-even Dy isotopes
(〖E(8〗_1^+))/(〖E(2〗_1^+)),(〖E(6〗_1^+))/(〖E(2〗_1^+)) , ( 〖E(4〗_1^+))/(〖E(2〗_1^+)) and the ratios of In this study, the energy of the first exited 21+ <br /> for 152-156DY even-even isotopes are compared with the standard values for the three limits, the vibration U(5), gamma-soft O(6) and the rotatio...
Design and Implementation of an Electronic System of Salaries: (Nineveh Investment Commission as a Model)
Electronic systems are considered one of the most important pillars in the development of the work of any institution, especially the systems related to the administrative and financial aspects.<br /> In this research, an electronic system for salaries for the Nineveh Investment Commission (NIC) was...