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Objective and Subjective Determinants of Neighborhood Satisfaction in the Context of Retrofitting Suburbs
A strong preference for suburban living has led to extensively developed suburbs that need retrofitting by improving their compactness. However, an attempt to make suburban areas more sustainable only by shaping their spatial form, without considering individual demands and preferences, is usually i...
Internal insulation of solid masonry walls – field experiment with Phenolic foam and lime-cork based insulating plaster
The study investigated the hygrothermal performance and risk of mould growth in two thermal insulation systems for internal retrofitting purposes; a phenolic foam system with a closed cell structure, and a capillary active diffusion-open lime-cork based insulating plaster. The setup consisted of a 4...
Exploring the potential for energy conservation in French households through hybrid modeling
International audience Although the building sector is recognized as having major potential for energy conservation and carbon dioxide emission mitigation, conventional bottom-up and top-down models are limited in their ability to capture the complex economic and technological dynamics of the sector...
Comparing and combining energy saving policies : Will proposed residential sector policies meet French official targets ?
This paper assesses the impact of French policies for residential space-heating energy consumption, both enacted (tax credits for the purchase of energy efficient durables, soft loans for retrofitting actions, stringent building codes) and anticipated (carbon tax, retrofitting obligation). It uses a...
Building Energy Audits-Diagnosis and Retrofitting
The book “Building Energy Audits-Diagnosis and Retrofitting” is a collection of twelve papers that focus on the built environment in order to systematically collect and analyze relevant data for the energy use profile of buildings and extended for the sustainability assessment of the built environme...
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Selection of Favourable Concept of Energy Retrofitting Solution for Social Housing in the Czech Republic Based on Economic Parameters, Greenhouse Gases, and Primary Energy Consumption
Energy retrofitting of existing building stock has significant potential for the reduction of energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Roughly half of the CO2 emissions from Czech building stock are estimated to be allocated to residential buildings. Approximately one-third of the Czech resi...
Fragility curve of low-to-mid-rise concrete frame retrofitted with FRP
In order to achieve satisfactory global seismic behaviour of a concrete fame structure and to prevent undesirable local failures of its structural element, local strengthening of structural members by means of FRP wrap is one of the cost effective retrofitting strategy. This FRP wrapped column will...
Machine Tool Transition from Industry 3.0 to 4.0: A Comparison between Old Machine Retrofitting and the Purchase of New Machines from a Triple Bottom Line Perspective
The emerging scenario designed by digital technologies connected to Industry 4.0 is pushing towards increasingly sustainable companies. Access to the multiple benefits of digitalization (such as increased productivity, flexibility, efficiency, quality, lower consumption of resources, and the improve...
Building Retrofitting System Based on Bamboo-Steel Hybrid Exoskeleton Structures: A Case Study
The building heritage of many seismic regions worldwide is largely substandard and seismically deficient and would require seismic retrofitting interventions. The use of natural materials with low embedded emissions could lead to a low carbon footprint of the retrofitting intervention. In this persp...
Optimization of a Combination of Thermal Insulation and Cool Roof for the Refurbishment of Social Housing in Southern Spain
Social housing built in the middle of the last century in Spain suffers from poor thermal insulation conditions that cause situations of discomfort and energy poverty. For this reason, the energetic refurbishment of the envelope of this social building stock is necessary to overcome these situations...
Solutions for retrofitting existing, wooden houses in cold climates
Upgrading existing one-family houses to higher energy standards can be a challenge for owners, among others, due to the unclear status of technical regulations in the case of retrofitting at the national level. Retrofitting projects face technical obstacles that can be difficult to exclude with sens...
Major projects and retrofitting of degraded spaces with strong environmental imperatives: the parisian experience
Dentro da aglomeração parisiense subsistem espaços degradados que escapam, devido ao peso de seus imperativos ambientais, ao processo normal, espontâneo ou orientado, de reciclagem urbana. Referindo-se a três exemplos precisos, o estudo mostra que somente a implementação de um Grande Projeto é susce...
The Contested Energy Future of Amman, Jordan: Between Promises of Alternative Energies and a Nuclear Venture
Metropolitan authorities and local business elites are often seen as major players in the energy transition in the city. Such energy transitions are mostly conceived of as low carbon technologies, which permit the retrofitting of urban infrastructure and the rebundling of metabolic circuits. This ar...
A proposal to go beyond the rebound effect: how to evaluate the financial value of comfort after retrofitting?
International audience Evaluation of energy savings of retrofitting programmes are relativized due to the rebound effect. Moreover, their economic relevance (i.e. NPV calculation) is questioned because of the discouraging paybacks. The underlining question of both problems is missing consideration o...
Usable elements of technical infrastructure around historic architecture in the Old Town of Prague
Utilizable architectural details can highlight the character of a historical building, but they can also change the perception of the total view of this particular building or even the whole district. That is why architectural elements installed in old buildings or old, historical quarters are a cha...
Energy-saving potential of large housing stocks of listed buildings, case study: l'Eixample of Valencia
Residential developments in small-town America: assessment and regulations
Abstract This study is part of a comprehensive process in the City of New Bern, North Carolina aimed at drafting a subdivision regulatory framework that promotes sustainable residential developments with a heightened sense of community and vitality. The aim is to develop an objective assessment tool...
Geotechnical and geophysical investigation techniques in Ben Ezra Synagogue in Old Cairo area, Egypt
Abstract The Ben Ezra Synagogue or El-Geniza Synagogue or the Synagogue of the Levantines, is located in the Coptic section of Old Cairo area. It is considered the oldest Synagogue or Jewish temple found in Egypt represents cultural heritage of outstanding universal values. It suffers multiple envir...
Sensitivity Analysis of Envelope Design Parameters of Industrial Buildings with Natural Ventilation
It is beneficial for designers to identify the most important design parameters of building envelopes. This study undertook sensitivity analysis integrated with EnergyPlus to assess the impacts of envelope design parameters for naturally ventilated industrial buildings. Sensitivity coefficients of s...
Geographically isolated but demographically connected: Immigration supports efficient conservation actions in the recovery of a range-margin population of the Bonelli's eagle in France
International audience Evidence is accumulating on the crucial role of spatial demographic processes, particularly immigration, in driving the viability of wild animal populations. However, the contribution of immigration is rarely accounted for when performing population viability analysis and eval...
The Role of the UK Green Deal in Shaping Pro-Environmental Behaviours: Insights from Two Case Studies
Domestic energy use accounts for more than a quarter of total energy use in the United Kingdom (UK), with space and water heating accounting for almost 80% of this consumption. Energy efficiency is often the simplest and most cost-effective way of reducing energy use, and improving domestic energy e...
Age Structure and Carbon Emission with Climate-Extended STIRPAT Model-A Cross-Country Analysis
Most of the existing carbon emission studies based on the IPAT framework considered the size effect rather than structure effect of population. However, it is proved with the micro-data household evidence that the demographic structure explains the unexpected trends better. To complete the framework...
Appel à communication "Debating residential subdivisions. Which actors, which forms, which uses ?" - (date limite : 31 janvier 2018)
Appel à communication "Debating residential subdivisions. Which actors, which forms, which uses ?" à destination des doctorants travaillant sur les espaces périurbains. Date limite : 31 janvier 2018 Accédez à l'appel : capacity_PhD_WS_JAN Abstract : Within the framework of the research program CAPA....
Retrofitting coal-fired power plants in middle-income countries: What role for the World Bank?
Retrofitting coal-fired power plants in middle-income countries: What role for the World Bank? / Nigel Purvis, Abigail Jones and Cecilia Springer. Brookings Institution, July 2014, 12 p. http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2014/07/coal-fired-power-plants-middle-income-countries-world-bank-purvi...
The application of LIDs in Savanna region for mitigation of flooded areas
ABSTRACT The increase in runoff volume due to urban sprawl has imposed a challenge to current urban drainage systems and future projects in order to add sustainable strategies for effective flood control especially in consolidated urban areas that would require retrofitting of urban areas with addit...