Query : Risk taking
- Challe, Edouard4
- Preisig, M.4
- A.S. Muula3
- G. De Natale3
- M. Mwale3
- Vollenweider, P.3
- X. Shi3
- A. Casteller2
- Adam Alzubedi2
- Adam Rosman2
- Alan Schwartz2
- Alberto Salarelli2
- Amasiadi, Natalia2
- Béatrice Quenault2
- BÉLANGER, Laurent2
- Ben Bouheni, Faten2
- Billieux, Joël2
- Brevers, Damien2
- Bruheim, Michele2
- Burnier, M.2
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- History, Philosophy and Sociology of Sciences122
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- Environmental studies80
- Cultural Heritage and Museology29
- Communication Sciences26
- Archaeology and Prehistory25
- Art and Art History16
- Musicology and Performing Arts11
- Classical Studies4
Road safety assessment CV-310 between PPKK 9 185 and 20 240 (Stretch “Bétera Serra”), using the IRAP methodology
[ES] On a global level road accidents lead to a large number of deaths and injuries as well as large economic losses due to different factors such as human, vehicle and infrastructure. Conventional roads are highly vulnerable because of the road safety characteristics they have along their journey a...
Epidermis and epidemic. On the issue of visibility in the construction of two minority categories
National audience. This article questions the issues of visibility and invisibility in the construction of socio-political categories. By mirroring the battle of black against racism and that of HIV/AIDS patients against the epidemic, we promote the idea that the socio-political minority groups shap...
Everyday sociability, social networks and ICTs
The impressive growth of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the last decade constitutes a challenge both for social studies on sociability and on ICT usage. It demands to put methodologies and sociological analysis that have mainly been developed for the study of face-to-face intera...
The work of the experts: analysis of a food risk assessment system
Following various crises, the French Food Safety Agency was set up in 1999 to incorporate scientific advice into the assessment of health risks. The principle of expert opinion implies that professional and economic interests must be disregarded in the evaluation work. Observing the specific activit...
Co-locations between the factors of the urban malaria in Dakar: when entomology meets social sciences…
International audience INTRODUCTIONIf taken independently from each other, entomological variables and human socio-economic characteristics have clarified the risk of malaria infection in urban area with its uneven spatial distribution, their common explanatory share remains to investigate. Indeed,...
Emotional and cognitive processes underlying decision-making : study of children, adolescents and adults with typical development or with autism spectrum disorders
This thesis aimed to provide a better understanding of cognitive and emotional processes underlying the decision under risk. Adopting an integrative perspective that includes approaches of developmental psychology, cognitive psychology and psychopathology, we have successively examined (i) cognitive...
Characterisation of the CYP2R1 gene and validation of other SNPS of interest in susceptibility to melanoma in the Spanish population
[ES] Melanoma is one of the least common types of skin cancer, although it is the most lethal, caused by damage to melanocyte DNA, producing mutations that cause the cell to multiply abnormally and produce tumours. The frequency of melanoma increases from adolescence, with a very high incidence in c...
A therapeutic approach focusing on the conditional effects of drugs
‘titrebSummary’/titreb The hedonic and reinforcing properties of drugs are linked to their interaction with cerebral dopaminergic systems. All drugs lead to an increase of dopamine in the bark of the accumulating nucleus, a brain region which coexpresses the receptors of indiceb1 ‘/indiceb (rd b1’/i...
The concept of economic security of the hospital: A new look at the levers of control
peer reviewed Despite a significant progress achieved in the healthcare sector during last decades, we need to admit the fact that many urgent problems remain unsolved even in well developed countries. Along with other major factors, economic causes of these problems hold a prominent position. It is...
How to carry out health surveillance? The example of the Swiss Health Observatory
Objective: describe the aims and methods of contemporary health surveillance and present the activities of the Health Observatory (OVS), a unique health surveillance tool in Switzerland for the population of a canton. Methods: narrative review and presentation of OVS activities. Results: health surv...
Participatory scheme and territorial project: reflections on the role of “island civil society” in drawing up the Plan for Sustainable Development and Development of Corsica
The Law of 21 January 2002 amending the statute of Corsica defines in Article 12 that “the territorial territory of Corsica shall draw up the plan for the sustainable development and development of Corsica”. A version of this document was due to be adopted at the Assembly of Corsica in aou 2009, but...
Indicator sheet CBNBP-R-001-IdF: Taking into account endangered species by protected space policies
In order to limit the risk of extinction of the most endangered species, the establishment of protected areas is one of the means of action for biodiversity conservation policies. These protected areas make it possible, on the one hand, to remove natural habitats home to these endangered species fro...
CEO Compensation and Risk-Taking in Banking Industry
The 2008 financial crisis was largely caused by excessive risk-taking of banks fromthe U.S. and also from all over the world, which have been in big trouble since then. One ofthe major questions raised by scientists and regulators is the role of executive remunerationmethods in encouraging bank risk...
Ethical and legal aspects of the use of artificial intelligence in Russia, EU, and the USA: comparative legal analysis
The article is devoted to the comparative legal analysis of ethic-legal questions of use of artificial intelligence in Russia, the European Union and the USA. The paper notes a deep and ambiguous discussion among scientists regarding the understanding and use of artificial intelligence as equal to a...
Use of Lee-Carter and Log-Poisson methods for adjusting mortality tables for small samples
International audience The aim of this paper is to study the construction of prospective mortality tables from a low number of persons subjected to risk. The presented models are the Lee-Carter and log-Poisson methods respectively. The low number of people subjected to risk, particularly noticed for...
A cas-control study assessing the role of caesarean birth as a risk factor in the occurrence of severe syncytial respiratory virus (SRV) bronchiolite in infants born in Quebec
Syncytial respiratory virus (SRV) bronchiolite is increasing [3,9,12,25], affecting many infants and potentially leading to asthma. The rate of caesarian is also increasing [106,108], causing breathing problems whose mechanisms are poorly identified. We assessed the association between the mode of b...
Ethics and finance: the performer
‘titrebSummary’/titrebThe ethics of finance cannot be limited to ethics but must include taking into account the impact of management tools, in particular those containing a risk representation. The management tools carrying a risk representation are a real professional finance machine and have both...
Robustness and uncertainties of seismic damage estimates at urban scale: a methodological comparison on the example of the city of Oran.
International audience The city of Oran is exposed to a significant seismic hazard, as almost all the northern Algeria territory, where numerous casualties and severe damage occurred in the last decades due to several moderate to large earthquakes. A mitigation policy should include the establishmen...
Sanitary and phytosanitary standards: Does consumers' health protection justify developing countries' producers' exclusion?
International audience The objective of this paper is to analyze the effects public regulatory tools for food safety, notably maximum admitted contamination thresholds and official controls performed at importing country's borders on both developing countries' market access and consumers' health. An...
Environmental precautionary principle and economic development
The precautionary principle arises because of the risk of natural resources, given the lack of certainty about the activities carried out and excessive economic progress. On the basis of this, the work analyses the problems arising from the precautionary principle and economic development. First, we...
Urban socio-environmental risk and ore containment dams in digital newspapers in Brazil
Urban risks (Veyret, 2007) represent a management challenge due to their socio-environmental complexity. The threats of breaking the ore containment dams close to cities in Brazil demonstrate the prevalence of profit maximisation (Leff, 2000) to the detriment of security, taking into account the dis...
Follow or deviate from the dietary requirement: The effects of ‘eating together’ and ‘living together’ in hypercholesterol people in France
‘titrebSummary’/titrebThe hypercholesterolaemia is recognised as a major cardiovascular risk factor requiring, from a medical point of view, dietetic care. This research, at the intersection of health and food sociologies, tries to understand the social mechanisms that lead hypercholesterol people t...
Culture and Capital Structure : What Else to the Puzzle?
International audience This paper investigates four of Hofstede's cultural dimensions-individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, and long-term orientation-influence on firms' choices of short-term and long-term capital structures. Cultures influence on corporate risk-taking may drive their d...
Third places, territorial interlinking ecosystems: the role of third places in the renewal of urban production methods — the example of Coco Velten
, which appeared in the 80s — makes it difficult to define the term ‘third place’, since its configurations are numerous. If the forms differ, the approach is intended to be common: be an open place for creativity and networking, driven by a community and rooted in its territory. Bringing together p...
A risk management approach for collaborative NPD project