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Modeling mammary organogenesis from biological first principles: Cells and their physical constraints
International audience In multicellular organisms, relations among parts and between parts and the whole are contextual and interdependent. These organisms and their cells are ontogenetically linked: an organism starts as a cell that divides producing non-identical cells, which organize in tri-dimen...
Mechanics of fiber composites with fibers resistant to extension and flexure
A model of elastic solids reinforced with fibers resistant to extension and bending is formulated in finite-plane elastostatics. The linear theory of the proposed model is also derived through which a complete analytical solution is obtained. The presented model can serve as an alternative two-dimen...
Influence of fiber diameter and crystallinity on the stability of electrospun poly(L-lactic acid) membranes to hydrolytic degradation
Combining Microfluidics, Optogenetics and Calcium Imaging to Study Neuronal Communication In Vitro
International audience In this paper we report the combination of microfluidics, optogenetics and calcium imaging as a cheap and convenient platform to study synaptic communication between neuronal populations in vitro. We first show that Calcium Orange indicator is compatible in vitro with a common...
Optical Fibers in Phase Space: A Theoretical Framework
Optical Fibers in Phase Space: A Theoretical Framework
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Guiding properties of a photonic quasi-crystal fiber based on the thue-morse sequence
Classifying relative principal fibrations with loop space fibers
Modeling of neuromuscular pathologies by directed co-differentiation of pluripotent stem cells induced in muscular fibers innervated by motoneurones
Induced pluripotent stem cells obtained by reprogramming of primary somatic cells have revolutionized the cell biology and disease modeling fields. However, modeling human skeletal muscle and neuromuscular disorders has been hindered by a limited number of protocols for generation of mature muscle f...
Development of products with high nutritional value from the production of Canna in Reunion
Canna edulis, is a multiannual plant, from the Cannaceae family, originating from South America, that accumulate starch in its rhizome. This thesis work aims to study Canna’s culture on Réunion Island depending on soil, climate and season specificities using rhizome quality changes depending on the...
Ancient masonry arches and vaults strengthened with TRM, SRG and FRP composites: Experimental evaluation
Advances in Optofluidics
Optofluidics a niche research field that integrates optics with microfluidics. It started with elegant demonstrations of the passive interaction of light and liquid media such as liquid waveguides and liquid tunable lenses. Recently, the optofluidics continues the advance in liquid-based optical dev...
High-Base Optical Signal Proccessing
Optical signal processing is a promising technique to enable fast data information processing in the optical domain. Traditional optical signal processing functions pay more attention to binary modulation formats (i.e., binary numbers) with single-bit information contained in one symbol. The ever-gr...
Selective inhibition of JNK with a peptide inhibitor attenuates pain hypersensitivity and tumor growth in a mouse skin cancer pain model.
Cancer pain significantly affects the quality of cancer patients, and current treatments for this pain are limited. C-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) has been implicated in tumor growth and neuropathic pain sensitization. We investigated the role of JNK in cancer pain and tumor growth in a skin cancer p...
Steroid-induced plasticity in the sexually dimorphic vasotocinergic innervation of the avian brain: behavioral implications
P3-30-04 - Evaluation of vitamin D bioaccessibility and iron solubility from test meals containing meat and/or cereals and/or legumes
Rethinking food systems from production to consumption, in order to provide better nutritional inputs at lower environmental cost, is a priority challenge for a sustainable future. Pulses present benefits that may improve the sustainability of our systems and diets, such as their ability to restore...
Fabrication of Highly Aligned Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Nanofibers and its Yarn by Electrospinning
In the conventional electrospinning method, fibers are randomly deposited and form nonwoven structures; however, highly aligned micro- or nanofiber and its yarn may only be applicable for the fields, including composites, clothing, textiles, and microelectronics. The elementary principle to obtain u...
Developmental regulation of the alpha(7) integrin chain during myogenesis
The $\alpha$7$\beta$1 integrin is the major laminin receptor on skeletal muscle cells. Its expression is developmental regulated during myogenesis. Not only is the expression of $\alpha$7 transcripts increased upon myogenic differentiation, differential splicing of transcripts is also observed at th...
Direct Thy-1/alphaVbeta3 integrin interaction mediates neuron to astrocyte communication.
Thy-1 is an abundant neuronal glycoprotein of poorly defined function. We recently provided evidence indicating that Thy-1 clusters a beta3-containing integrin in astrocytes to induce tyrosine phosphorylation, RhoA activation and the formation of focal adhesions and stress fibers. To date, the alpha...
Chapter Multimode Graded-Index Optical Fibers for Next-Generation Broadband Access
Strengthening of masonry rings with composite materials
Abstract The paper presents the results of experimental testing of six masonry rings built to technical scale and strengthened with CFRP strips and sheets and also with an FRCM system with PBO, glass, basalt and carbon fibers. The rings were subjected to tensile loads induced by four hydraulic jacks...
Influence of Using Different Blend Ratios of Banana Fiber on the Mechanical Properties of Woven Fabrics
Mechanical properties are very important properties of woven fabric, it affects on the load a textile material can withstand during use. Recently, attention has been increased to use of renewable resources especially of plant origin keeping in view the ecological concerns. Banana fibre is biodegrada...
Subplate Zone of the Human Brain: Historical Perspective and New Concepts
Subplate zone (SP) is prominent, transient laminar compartment of the human fetal cerebral wall. The SP develops around 13 and gradually disappears after 32–34 postovulatory weeks. The SP neurons can be found as late as nine postnatal months, while remnants of the SP neurons can be traced until adul...
Développement d'un tube neural par génie tissulaire pour réparer les transsections des nerfs périphériques
Even with recent advancements, the treatment of peripheral nerve transections remains a challenge. Peripheral nerve transections may lead to loss of sensibility and motor function of the upper and lower limbs. Unfortunately, clinicians only have few options to repair the gap. Our goal is to produce...
Experimental study on spalling risk of concrete with 115~120MPa subject to ISO834 Fire
Pain and ageing : electrophysiological investigation of the periphal and central underlying mechanisms
Non-pathological ageing is often associated with changes in pain perception and especially with changes in pain thresholds. The aim of this thesis was to determine the underlying mechanisms of these changes. We analyzed two complementary indicators: psychophysical data, by the means of perceptual ju...