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From ideal to real: IACHR judgment on preventive imprisonment
El 27 de enero de 2020, la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos declaró responsable al Estado ecuatoriano por la violación de derechos y garantías regulados en la Convención Americana de Derechos Humanos contra el ciudadano Mario Alfonso Montesinos Mejía. En consecuencia, la Corte dispuso una se...
The paradigms of freedom, security and citizenship and their impact on the human rights of migrants: the cases of Argentina and Canada
Desde siempre, las personas han migrado, en busca de nuevos territorios, de mejores condiciones de vida o de tierras de asilo. No obstante, las personas migrantes, refugiadas y solicitantes de asilo forman uno de los grupos poblacionales más vulnerable a nivel mundial, siendo víctimas de múltiples v...
Terrorism, the word that is blurred: the indeterminate nature of the term “terrorism” and its impact on the protection of the individual in international law
Terrorism is a topic which has been written about extensively in the last two decades, having been covered by journalists, columnists, scientists, politicians, legislators. Paradoxically given its strength and polarizing effect, it has still not been defined in a consensual manner on the internation...
Extra-Territorial “Fiduciary” Obligations and Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law
Respect for human rights is often understood to be in tension with a robust approach to protecting human security (both within a single state’s territory and across territorial boundaries). Principles like those which form the basis of Fox and Criddle’s fiduciary theory of sovereignty—such as non-in...
The performance of local public human rights bodies in Mexico, 2017-2019
El objetivo de este artículo es determinar si el desempeño de los organismos públicos locales de derechos humanos en México es eficiente o no, teniendo en cuenta los instrumentos de resolución de quejas, como las conciliaciones y las recomendaciones. La metodología empleada combina indicadores cuant...
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Re-enter by jumping: Memory and art in the second generation of exiled Argentine in Mexico
Muchos argentinos abandonaron el país por razones políticas, forzados por la violencia desplegada por el terrorismo de Estado en la Argentina durante el tercer peronismo y, especialmente, en la dictadura cívico-militar de 1976 a 1983. El exilio formó parte de las violaciones a los derechos humanos t...
Discussions on the Relevant Passport in Uruguay: The history of the Historical Research Team at the University of the Republic. 2005-2015
Since the end of the dictatorship and until the end of the XX century, issues related to human rights violations and crimes against Humanity had been excluded from the public agenda. Only in the year 2000, and with President Batlle’s administration some of the perspectives regarding the Recent Past...
Business complicity, transitional justice and human rights violations of indigenous peoples in Brazil during the Civil-Military Ditatorship of 1964-1988
Este artigo apresenta uma sistematização das violações de direitos humanos dos povos indígenas no Brasil praticadas por empresas durante a ditadura civil-militar (1964-1988), identificadas pela Comissão Nacional da Verdade. A partir da constatação da existência de dois modelos de desenvolvimento em...
Holding the line on human rights accountability: Explaining the unlikely judicial overturn of the pardon and immunity granted to human rights violator Alberto Fujimori
Alberto Fujimori, Peruvian ex-president and perpetrator of human rights violations, was released from prison due to a presidential pardon in 2017. He was also granted immunity from prosecution. Although the political branches and the majority of the population supported these measures, as shown by p...
The limits of forgiveness in International Relations: groups supporting the Yasukuni shrine in Japan and political tensions in East Asia
Visits (or attempts to visit) to the Yasukuni Shrine by Japanese officials have generated a series of controversies and tensions between the countries occupied by imperialist Japan during the Pacific War. The central dilemma is that Yasukuni, emblem of Japanese militarism, questions the coherence an...
Forms of Freedom in Pablo Larraín’s No and Neruda
For nearly forty years, freedom in Latin American literature has been tied to liberal democracy and state-sponsored terror. Literature, according to this post-dictatorial project, eliminates the division between art and life on behalf of democratic freedom and against human rights violations. What t...
Migrant and refugee caravans in Mexico/Caravans of migrants and refugees in Mexico
The caravans of migrants and refugees in Mexico from northern Central America from October 2018 to April 2019 are studied here. In the present analysis, the human rights situation was studied in Honduras and in Mexico. In Honduras, because the migrants flow comes from Honduras, and in Mexico, becaus...
Obedience Force The Force of obedience: Political economy of repression in Tunisia
Les violations des droits de l’homme et l’absence d’opposition politique dans les dictatures font régulièrement l’objet de critiques. Ce que l’on connaît moins, c’est le fonctionnement intime de ces régimes, les mécanismes par lesquels des populations entières se trouvent durablement assujetties. C’...
Researchers and Community organisations: an example of successful collaboration
Le projet ARUC (Alliance de Recherche Universités-Communautés)- Histoires de vie Montréal a débuté en 2007 et s'achèvera en 2012. Un projet de 5 années durant lesquelles une équipe de plus de 150 chercheurs universitaires et communautaires réalisent des entrevues auprès de résident(e)s montréalais(e...
The duty to punish human rights violations of a prior regime under international law : post-communist transitional cases
Germán Silva García’s criminology and victimisation
Abstract According to the author it is necessary to place the process of victimization in the field that Germán Silva called "divergence". The analysis sociology of crime seems useful because it is possible to delineate a continuum, scientifically identifiable and measurable, between situations in w...
Is It a Violation of the Right to Leave to Prevent Migrants from Crossing the Border to Another State?
The research presented in this video looks into the rightfulness of engaging other states in the protection of EU borders. This happens when EU member states cooperate with the migrants’ countries of origin or transit countries in order to hinder refugees from crossing the border, e.g. by providing...
Preventing the Perpetration of Criminal Offences by Foreign Nationals Residing in Poland
It has been for several decades now that criminological literature has addressed the issue of crime prevention in societies. Helena Kołakowska-Przełomiec argued in 1984: “While trying to formulate a definition of crime prevention, on no account should we disregard the fact that a criminal offence ma...
The Limits of Pluralism - Recent Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights with Regard to Minorities: Does the Prohibition of Discrimination Add Anything?
Since the mid-1990s, the European Court of Human Rights has had before it a number of cases concerning the situation of minorities under Article 14 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights - which aims to secure the enjoyment of rights and freedoms without discrimination inter a...
REFLEXÕES SOBRE DIREITOS Humanos E O MULTICULTURALISMO NO BRASIL
The present study brings an updated approach on the human rights and multiculturalism in Brazil. In this context, we investigated the first countries that have adopted the human dignity as a fundamental right, since only after the World War II the United Nations, took the dignity of the humans as a...
Disrupting State Spaces: Asylum Seekers in Australia’s Offshore Detention Centres
The Australian government has spent over a billion dollars a year on managing offshore detention (Budget 2018–2019). Central to this offshore management was the transference and mandatory detention of asylum seekers in facilities that sit outside Australia’s national sovereignty, in particular on Ma...
Imagining Human Rights
Why is it that human rights are considered inviolable norms of justice at local and global scales although the number of their violations has steadily increased in modern history? On the surface, this paradox seems to be reducible to a straightforward discrepancy between idealism and reality in huma...
Pedagogy and territory. The experience of the School of Human Rights and Citizenship in the Lower Cauca Antioqueño
La Escuela de DDHH y Ciudadanía (EDHC), surge como respuesta a las exigencias de las comunidades campesinas en el paro agrario nacional desarrollado en el 2013 (Colombia), donde se visibilizaron territorios con sistemáticas violaciones a los Derechos Humanos, infracciones del Derecho Internacional H...
Standards of Entrepreneur Rights in Competition Proceedings – a Matter of Administrative or Criminal Law?
The question of standards of entrepreneur rights in competition proceedings has been for many years considered as one the most controversial issues. Its importance has been increasing considering that the application of antitrust regulations is often concomitant with a wide-ranging interference with...
POLITIK HUKUM PENYELESAIAN PELANGGARAN HAM BERAT DI ERA PEMERINTAHAN JOKOWI-JK
The legal political study of law enforcement in the field of human rights is a government legal political policy under the Jokowi-JK government to determine the direction and steps to be applied in resolving cases of serious human rights violations that occurred in the past as promised in its 2014 p...