Query : pauvreté
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Labour market disparities, poverty and inequality in urban China
RÉSUMÉ : Cet article s’intéresse à la pauvreté et aux inégalités de revenus dans la Chine urbaine à travers l’analyse de données récentes recueillies lors d’enquêtes conduites dans quatre des plus grandes villes chinoises(1). S’appuyant sur des mesures quantitatives telles que des indices de pauvret...
Pictorial photograph. The impact of traditional aesthetic models on the photographs of poverty
Based on a finding, the difficulty of finding reports on poverty in French collections of photographs, the article seeks to demonstrate the existence of another decisive aesthetic model. Indeed, for a long time built on the models of fine arts and theatre, some of the photographs retained from the n...
The social structure of Koufra
Yearbook of North Africa
Anaphors in discourse : anaphoric subjects in brazilian portuguese
The present dissertation is concerned with the use and interpretation of null and pronominal subjects in Brazilian Portuguese. This investigation examines these phenomena in an attempt to disentangle the semantic and discursive factors that can be relevant for choice between these anaphoric expressi...
Trace elements in skarns with scheelite and rocks associated with Costabonne (Pyrénées Orientales, France)
Provisional version The principle of our study has been to analyse comparatively the metasomatic rocks of the Costabonne deposit and their supports. Depending on the nature of the latter, different geochemical developments can be distinguished: (*) skarns derived from carbonated rock: Overall, marbl...
Co-locations between the factors of the urban malaria in Dakar: when entomology meets social sciences…
International audience INTRODUCTIONIf taken independently from each other, entomological variables and human socio-economic characteristics have clarified the risk of malaria infection in urban area with its uneven spatial distribution, their common explanatory share remains to investigate. Indeed,...
The Chinese population
Generalised poverty caused by overcrowding, large and needy families, irrepressive population growth, absence, before Mao’s policies, of any control of births, etc. prejudices about China are alive. This book, from the outset, attacked the ideas received on the people of China, most of which were in...
Environment, Health and Education: What is at stake for the Economic Development?
This dissertation deals with the co-evolution between economic and environmental spheres. It focuses on the interplays between long-term human capital evolutions that measure economic development, and environmental quality changes. The main objective is to propose some economic mechanisms that might...
What is the relationship between democratic educational culture and evaluation models?
the study focuses on speeches on an online conversational platform set up under the Council of Europe’s Pestalozzi programme for the professional development of teachers from the 47 member countries. A thematic analysis, lexical and by indicators, was carried out on speeches on how evaluation is per...
Micro-farms of aromatic and medicinal plants: landmark element of urban agriculture in Ziguinchor, Senegal
Urban agriculture is a recognised activity for its multifunctionality. In Africa, it can contribute to food security and poverty reduction. Often associated with market gardening and increasingly urban farming, the production of aromatic and medicinal plants is an understudied form of urban farming....
Opportunities and limitations of citizen participation in the face of poor drinking water management in Lima
Access to drinking water and sanitation remains a problem for many limenians living in outlying neighbourhoods, often the result of land invasions and self-construction. In an international context of poverty alleviation, the Peruvian government has for about 20 years started to focus on water acces...
Jacques Carré, La Prison of the poor. The Experience of Workhouses in England
Jacques Carré, Emeritus Professor of British civilisation at Paris-Sorbonne University, has for over twenty years been interested in the issue of how to deal with poverty and the policies put in place in Great Britain since the beginning of the industrial era, since he has already run or co-lead two...
Is the lack of schooling in Cambodian rural areas only due to poverty?
the author first proposes to look at primary school in the light of the history of the Cambodian school project and then describes the many dysfunctions that characterise school provision in rural areas today. Once this context has been taken into account, the article presents an analysis of one of...
Precarious people are jobless people
Wealth and poverty in intertestamentary and talmudic Judaism: Historical aspects
Between transgression and regulation. The organisation of informal trade in Kinshasa
On the basis of an ethnographic research carried out in Kinshasa, Congo, this contribution proposes to examine the cross-normative dialectic/control regulation observable within the activities of the small informal trade in a large African city. As far as the southern countries are concerned, povert...
Individual freedom and material constraints: a conceptual approach to energy poverty in Belgium
Energy poverty has been conceived as an environmental injustice by Walker and Day (2012). Our paper is a continuation of this approach and is critically embedded in Amartya Sen’s reflection on capabilities (1999, 2009). We show how much Sen’s idea of justice, which is based on the concept of capabil...
Precarious in the country of white gold: constraints, resources and inequalities in the face of precariousness in mountainous areas: study on Oisans
While mechanical lifts quickly appeared on the sides of the mountains, ‘village stations’ have developed to accommodate an ever greater number of tourists from all over the world, Oisans no longer appear to be a neglected territory characterised by poverty. However, the constraints associated with t...
Insubordination to work of the “fifth state”, collective statements and institutional invention
An aesthetic of slums: unveiling and artistic concealment
The 21st and 21st centuries saw an unprecedented increase in urban population. Poverty and inequality in urban areas have followed the same curve, and the most visible effect is slums, which are precarious facilities where people are still growing. The plastic arts, architecture and literature have...
Philippe Warin introduced the Colloquium following the Defender of Rights. National hearing Colloque du Défenseur des Droits, organised in the Senate on 2 December 2013. Odenore (PACTE and MSH-Alpes ‘INC’ Axis) contributed to its scientific preparation.
Poverty rate: United States (2009)
In 2009, the poverty rate in the United States was 14.3 per cent and reached almost 44 million people, an increase of 4 million people compared with the previous year. The poverty rate in the United States is calculated in absolute terms — the calculation of an expenditure basket below which an indi...
Eradiquer la pauvreté ! L’embarras sémiotique du microcrédit
Comparative study of the early interactions of psychotic and depressed mothers with their babies
‘titrebSummary’/titrebIf early mother-infant interactions in the event of maternal depression have been widely studied, we are much less familiar with those of psychotic mothers. Studies, comparing early interactions in different maternal mental conditions, are also rare. This study aims to assess w...
Ways of embracing a socially lively issue in the classes of secondary sciences in Gabon: study of conversations of teachers and teachers of life sciences and land on AIDS prevention education
Aids prevention education has entered the life and earth sciences (SVT) classes of secondary school in Gabon by government decree. From one day to the next, teachers and teachers have had to deal with this issue, which, like all socially vivid issues and ‘education to’, means not just disciplinary a...