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Organizations Convicted in Federal Criminal Courts, 2014
These data, collected to assist in the development of sentencing guidelines, describe offense and sentencing characteristics for organizations sentenced in federal district courts in 2014. The United States Sentencing Commission's primary function is to inform federal courts of sentencing policies a...
Comparative analysis of urban decentralization processes: The cases of Barcelona and Buenos Aires
Public territorialization policies between Buenos Aires and Barcelona are described and compared. From a qualitative design, the work is close to experiences in which processes of consolidation of public policies of territorial regionalization are observed, especially analyzing the consolidation pro...
Census of Governments, 1972: Government Employment and Finance Files
This study contains economic and employment data for governmental units in states, cities, towns, counties, school districts, and special districts in the United States in 1972. The employment data provide information on the number and functions of full-time and part-time government employees, retir...
European integration, economic globalization and voting behaviour : how Do Voters Respond to (Economic) Authority Transfers?
National governments’ (economic) margins of maneuver have largely decreased because of intensified pressures coming from international markets and European integration. In this PhD dissertation, I examine how these (economic) transfers of authority affect voting behaviour. To examine voting behavior...
Childcare Markets and Maternal Employment: A Typology
How does the structure of a country’s childcare market influence maternal employment? Childcare markets vary across countries, leading mothers to rely on various forms of care depending on what is available to them in both the public (state-provided) and private (non-state) childcare markets. Matern...
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Legal Design Patterns for Privacy
Fulfilling the legal requirements of mandated disclosure is a challenge in many contexts. Privacy communication is no exception, especially for those who seek to effectively inform individuals about the use of their data. Lawyers across countries and industries are facing recurring problems when (re...
National Interest Organizations in the EU Multilevel System
Political scientists have always accorded interest organizations a prominent place in European Union (EU) policy-making because they connect the EU institutions to citizens, provide important information to EU policy-makers, and control resources that impact on the problem-solving capacity of EU pol...
Macroeconomic scenarios for employment in the socio-ecological transition
The general objective of this dissertation is the ex ante assessment of the economic policy response needed in the European Union to take up the climate change issue. Moreover, we tried to maximise the employment results of these policies. The results of the scenarios designed in this framework, lea...
The war of memories will not take place ! : the construction of a social demand for immigration memory and new symbolic struggles : a comparison of the cities of Saint Étienne and Villeurbanne
“Resurfacing of the repressed past”, “war of memories”, “competitions of victims”: since the 1990s, the issue of collective memory has entered the public debate, especially when it comes to the role of immigrants in the national narrative.The idea that there would be a “need for memory” with regards...
Collecting DNA from Juveniles in 30 U.S. States, 2009-2010
This study examined the laws, policies, and practices related to juvenile DNA collection, as well as their implications for the juvenile and criminal justice systems. DNA evidence proved valuable in solving crimes, which motivated a concerted effort to expand the categories of offenders who provided...
From the obsession of pure blood to the recognition of “mixed-blood” and the valorization of multiculturalism : South Korea and children born to mixed couples
This dissertation examines how the perception of "mixed-race" (honhyol in Korean), that was rejected for a longtime in Korean society based on a national idea obsessed with lineage, has gradually become a public problem that called the active intervention of the government known as "multicultural po...
Making ICH in times of political turmoil
Boi de Guimarães [Ox of Guimarães]. Photo by Edgar Rocha, 2007. IPHAN’s archive.)It is over a year now that the ex-president of Brazil, Dilma Rouseff, was substituted by her vice, Michel Temer, over a dubious process of impeachment that lead the country to fall into a deep political crisis. This ins...
The Geopolitics of Immigrant Remittances: Comparative Prospects from Northern Africa and Northern India
International audience The recent literature on immigrant philanthropy and hometown associations has documented the surge on transnational involvement into homeland development. Various categories of diaspora organizations, from informal hometown networks to established immigrant associations, are e...
Bioprospecting, REDD and PES: innovative market--based instruments in an economy of promises
Thispaperstarts from thepremise thatat theRio+20Summit,historyhas repeateditselfand that thesame expectations raised by bioprospecting 20 years ago are now attached to the market-basedinstruments associated with conservation policies (Payments for environmental services, REDDmechanisms, biodiversity...
Vulnerable Solidarities: Identity, Spatiality and the Contentious Politics of Migration
Although there has been a wide range of political responses to migration in Europe, scholarly analyses have shown that state and humanitarian responses have regardless done little to foster the integration of mobile people into host societies, resulting instead in a politics of exclusion. Resistance...
An Analysis of Chinese Search Engine Filtering
The imposition of government mandates upon Internet search engine operation is a growing area of interest for both computer science and public policy. Users of these search engines often observe evidence of censorship, but the government policies that impose this censorship are not generally public....
The cultural industries in the French-speaking countries of sub-Saharan Africa : case of the Burkina Faso
THESIS SUMMARYAfrica is no exception to the debates on the cultural industries, already in vogue, at the global level. Although well developed in the North, cultural industries are less developed in Africa. In the continent, while some countries have successful models of development in this sector,...
Effectiveness and political economy of climate change mitigation policies at the urban scale
Urbanization is one of the most defining traits of the 21st century with people flocking to cities in massive numbers in developing countries. Given the inertia and path dependence that urban forms display, there is a strong need to get urbanization right today. One key aspect is to ensure low-carbo...
The end of coal and net zero : a british model of transition ?
International audience The United Kingdom legislated in June 2019 to commit the country to net zero, i.e. carbon neutrality, by 2050. Several measures must be put in place to achieve this particularly ambitious goal, nevertheless energy and electricity generation are of course strategic sectors. The...
About the Agency and Structures of Borders
The study of borders has reached the status of a unified scientific subfield, stimulating the development of many competing epistemologies of borders (Knippenberg & Markusse, 1999, Paasi, 1999, in Eskelinen, Liikanen, & Oksa, 1999, Perkmann & Sum, 2002, Newman 2005, Brunet-Jailly, 2005 and 2006, Kon...
SMEs' international expansion and location strategies in gateway countries
Determining investors' perceptions remains a hard task due to the greater political risks relative to developed markets and to the way companies react to changes in FDI policies of host governments (Sirr et al., 2012). As shown in the latest A.T. Kearney's FDI Confidence Index (2012), the global equ...
Neoliberal Imperialism and Pan-African Resistance
Neoliberalism has in the past three decades had a tremendous impact on both thought and practice throughout most of the world, and has dominated international development since the early 1980s. Although neoliberalism presents itself as modern and progressive, it is argued that the underlying ideolog...
Afrobarometer: Round I Survey of Tanzania, 2001
This survey is part of a series of studies designed to assess attitudes about democracy, markets, and civil society in African nations and track the evolution of such attitudes over time. This particular survey was concerned with the attitudes and opinions of the citizens of Tanzania. Respondents we...
Macroeconomic Policies and Poverty
In this volume, world-renowned contributors, including Martin Ravallion, Michael Kremer and Robert Townsend, deal with the institutional characteristics of poverty resulting from the time pattern of aid, the nature of financial systems and the political economy of budgetary decisions. Going beyond t...
Hunger and Public Action
This book analyses the role of public action in solving the problem of hunger in the modern world. The study is divided into four parts. The first, making extensive use of the concepts of entitlements and capabilities explores the interaction of nutritional, economic, social, and political elements...