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New publication: ‘Paedophiles behind bars. How to treat an absolute crime?’ by Guillaume Brie
Les violences sexuelles perpétrées sur les enfants conduisent de plus en plus d’hommes en prison et ils y restent de plus en plus longtemps. Les interventions institutionnelles soulignent l’indignité qui frappe ces condamnés. À partir d’un travail d’enquête par entretiens approfondis et par observat...
National Fertility Survey, 1965
The 1965 National Fertility Survey was the first of three surveys that succeeded the Growth of American Families surveys (1955 and 1960) aimed at examining marital fertility and family planning in the United States. Currently married women were queried on the following main topics: residence history...
Prostitution policy: the role of the women’s movement and equality bodies in Spain
Desde mediados de los años sesenta la política de la prostitución en España fue fundamentalmente abolicionista, pues el ordenamiento jurídico no definía el ejercicio de la prostitución como un delito, pero si muchos comportamientos en este ámbito, tales como organizar la ajena o lucrarse con ella. D...
Women’s pathways into crime and incarceration: Insights from South Africa
This article explored the pathways of women in South Africa into criminality. Using in-depth interviews, eleven women ex-offenders and women parolees, who were incarcerated in South African correctional centres, recounted experiences from their life histories which influenced their criminal offendin...
Sexual crimes are not cross-border
Pünktlich zum Internationalen Frauentag am 8. März 2022 hat die EU-Kommission ihren Vorschlag für eine EU-Richtlinie zur Bekämpfung von Gewalt gegen Frauen und häuslicher Gewalt vorgelegt. Auch wenn der Inhalt der Richtlinie politisch wünschenswert ist, hat die EU hierfür nicht die Kompetenz, da Ver...
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Sexualised and reproductive violence as an international crime
Heute vor 24 Jahren wurde das Römische Statut des Internationalen Strafgerichthofs (IStGH) verabschiedet. Aus diesem Anlass wird am 17. Juli der „Day of International Criminal Justice“ begangen. Das Völkerstrafgesetzbuch wird von vielen als mustergültige Umsetzung des Völkerstrafrechts auf nationals...
Understanding the submission of rape victims’ complaints: individual and circumstantial factors
Obwohl Vergewaltigung das gravierendste Sexu-aldelikt und die am stärksten traumatisierende Erfahrung für Opfer darstellt, wird es am seltensten zur Anzeige gebracht. Auf der Grundlage einer Opferbefragung in Frankreich wird untersucht, welche Faktoren die Entscheidung für oder gegen eine Anzeige ei...
The use of anabolic steroids in males attending a sexual health clinic
The use of Anabolic Steroids in Males Attending a sexual health Clinic Introduction:A 2013 study by Public Health England stated u2018Men who inject anabolic steroids (AS) and tanning drugs are at higher risk of HIV and viral hepatitisu2019. Injectors of AS are now the biggest client group at many n...
The impact of child abuse on physical and mental health in adulthood: epidemiological approach to public health
`titrebThe consequences of child abuse on physical and mental health in adulthood: an epidemiological approach to public health`/titrebEnglish scientific literature includes numerous retrospective studies and, more specifically, prospective studies (birth cohorts). These show that, compared with con...
The Need to Act: Incest as a Crime Given Low Priority—A View with India as an Example
Background: Incest is a form of sexual activity that occurs within family or kinship systems. It is prohibited by religion and law in most countries as well as by social mores or taboos. Data from various parts of the world indicate, however, that it appears to be a relatively common event, although...
Sterner Response toward Rape in line with Islamic Law: Special Reference to Pakistan
This paper tends to examine the nature of rape crime under Islamic law in order to take sterner action against this crime in line with Islamic law. As the Holy Quran does not directly deal with rape crime, for this reason, there is a wide range of disagreement among jurists regarding the issue of ra...
The sleeping body at the heart of various events
Le 11 octobre 1820, le petit bourg de Méré se retrouve au cœur d'un fait divers sanglant. Dans le puits de la communauté, le corps en état de décomposition d'Anne Berthelot est retrouvé. Le crime va être vite résolu : son mari Joseph Berthelot l'a assassinée une nuit de septembre, excédé par une nou...
Abuse of Position for Sexual Purposes
This paper includes a brief analysis of a new crime included in the Romanian Criminal Code. In the introductory part we have presented the incrimination referring to the need to incriminate it, as it is appreciated by the legislator. We have also examined, using recent doctrine, the pre-existing con...
Sexual violence as a war practice: Implications for the investigation and prosecution of atrocity crimes
Analisamos como o recente interesse das ciências sociais pela violência sexual cometida por sujeitos armados influencia a investigação e o julgamento de crimes atrozes. Nos enfocamos em um desafio fundamental para tentar estabelecer o quanto que o estupro e outras formas de violência sexual podem se...
IS A REDEFINITION OF RAPE REQUIRED IN POLISH CRIMINAL LAW?
The article concerns the crime of rape stipulated in art. 197 of the Criminal Code, or more precisely the definition of this phenomenon. The author analyzes the regulations penalizing this type of sexual abuse, in force both under Polish criminal law and under international law, in order to find the...
Uniform Crime Reporting Program Data: Hate Crime Data, 2013 [Record-Type Files]
In response to a growing concern about hate crimes, the United States Congress enacted the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990. The Act requires the attorney general to establish guidelines and collect, as part of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, data "about crimes that manifest evidence of...
Are the expert and sexual aggressor a perverse couple?
`titrebThe expert and the sexual aggressor does it constitute a perverse couple?`/titrebTaking as a reference the text of Jean Clavreul (1967), we show that between the legal expert and the person accused of a crime or sex crime develops towards the economy of perverse subversion of positions with r...
Weighting Approaches on Online Sexual Abuse of Children: Cultural Prevention or Crime-Based Enforcement?
Online Child Sexual Exploitation (OCSE) is a form of crime against children that can be reviewed from various perspectives such as criminal law, criminology and culture. This offence is governed in several international legal instruments because perpetrators and victims are often located in differen...
Urban gardening for Tanzania’s street children
Dar es Salaam, East Africa's fastest growing city and home to more than a quarter of Tanzania's population, is facing a crisis. Named a 'haven of peace', the city is home to some 10,000 street children and a growing problem of youth gang crime, violence, drugs and sexual exploitation. For any child...
Long-Term Consequences of Delinquency: Child Maltreatment and Crime in Early Adulthood in New York, 1990-2006
The purpose of the study was to expand understanding of the long-term consequences of juvenile delinquency by describing the prevalence and frequency of two adult outcomes -- arrest and the perpetration of abuse and neglect -- within a gender-diverse sample of known offenders. The researchers also s...
Women raped, women raped in Bologna court proceedings (xive-xve century)
Based on the very full records of penal justice in Bologna in the late Middle Ages (the libri malficiorum), this article focuses on acts of sexual violence inflicted by men on girls and women, and positions rape within a range of sexist and sexual acts of aggression. Firstly, it identifies the socia...
TRÁFICO DE PESSOAS PARA FINS DE EXPLORAÇÃO SEXUAL E SEU ENFRENTAMENTO SOB A ÓTICA INTERNACIONAL E NACIONAL
O presente artigo discorre sobre o enfrentamento do crime de tráfico humano, com enfoque na sua ocorrência para fins de exploração sexual. Por intermédio de análise documental, busca-se analisar a evolução da legislação pertinente, bem como sua eficácia na prevenção e repressão do delito em voga. Ob...
Representation and experience of the voluntary termination of pregnancy by women in Lomé (Togo)
`titrebPerception and feelings in Togolese women after induced abortion`/titrebThe objective was to describe the motives, feelings and representations related to induced abortion in Togolese women. It was a cross-sectional study from March to April 2006. Data collected were age, marital status, educ...
Bad Apples, Bad Barrel: Exploring Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse by Catholic Clergy in Australia
This paper considers constructions of institutional culture and power in the cover-up of child sexual abuse (CSA) by clergy in the Roman Catholic Church of Australia. The issue of cover-up has previously been considered in international inquiries as an institutional failing that has caused significa...
National Crime Victimization Survey, [United States], 2012
The National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) Series, previously called the National Crime Surveys (NCS), has been collecting data on personal and household victimization through an ongoing survey of a nationally-representative sample of residential addresses since 1973. The NCVS was designed with...