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Epidermis and epidemic. On the issue of visibility in the construction of two minority categories
National audience. This article questions the issues of visibility and invisibility in the construction of socio-political categories. By mirroring the battle of black against racism and that of HIV/AIDS patients against the epidemic, we promote the idea that the socio-political minority groups shap...
Bear skin merchant
The skin of the bear should not be sold until it has been killed. However, by definition, when we start a search, we do not know what we are going to find. Then, when we respond to a call for funding, we offer the donor a beautiful bear skin. Even if we are not sure that we will be able to kill the...
The community Noah land surface model with multiparameterization options (Noah-MP): 2. Evaluation over global river basins
International audience The augmented Noah land surface model described in the first part of the two-part series was evaluated here over global river basins. Across various climate zones, global-scale tests can reveal a model's weaknesses and strengths that a local-scale testing cannot. In addition,...
Automatic local Gabor Features extraction for face recognition
We present in this paper a biometric system of face detection and recognition in color images. The face detection technique is based on skin color information and fuzzy classification. A new algorithm is proposed in order to detect automatically face features (eyes, mouth and nose) and extract their...
Valorization of extracts from Tunisian medicinal plants as new antileishmanial substances
The valorization of bioactive molecules extracted from medicinal plants is a promising strategy in the search of active pharmaceutical ingredients for the treatment of leishmaniasis while overcoming problems of toxicity and resistance caused by conventional treatments.Three plant species were chosen...
"I have in any case betrayed my culture, it was necessary. [...] I think I am finally stripped of an old skin, a crust that is scratched up to the blood. This quote could summarise life and introduce the work of the poet Leopoldo María Panero (Madrid, 1948 — Las Palmas, Canary Islands, 2014). This c...
Ultraviolet radiation-induced histopathologic changes in the skin of the marsupial Monodelphis domestica. II. Quantitative studies of the photoreactivation of induced hyperplasia and sunburn cell formation
Induction of sunburn cells (SBCs) and hyperplasia of the epidermis of the marsupial Monodelphis domestica by ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has been studied. A dose of 500 J/m2 (approximately 1 minimal erythemal dose) from an FS-40 sunlamp induced measurable numbers of SBCs with a peak number at 32-48...
Comparative study of regulation by calcium of trafficking of aquaporin-3 and aquaporin-2 in epithelials cells
The aquaporins (AQPs) are small membrane proteins forming water channels and transporters for smal solutes like glycerol. The AQPs play important roles in transmembrane or transcellular transports in various cells, like kidney cells, but also in skin epidermis keratinocytes. The skin epidermis is a...
The key question
Max B. is a pink skin man with an attractive pink skin. One day, on the train, he sees him in front of him, a massive character, so the flesh makes large folds at the corner of the nose. Another man speaks him, lean, about the tense face. Thin lips poorly cover his teeth. The train starts running. T...
Characterisation of the CYP2R1 gene and validation of other SNPS of interest in susceptibility to melanoma in the Spanish population
[ES] Melanoma is one of the least common types of skin cancer, although it is the most lethal, caused by damage to melanocyte DNA, producing mutations that cause the cell to multiply abnormally and produce tumours. The frequency of melanoma increases from adolescence, with a very high incidence in c...
Diagnosis of cutaneous mycobacterioses in West Africa
Cutaneous mycobacterioses remains prevalent in West Africa, despite the existence of treatments due to problems linked to early diagnosis. The aim of this thesis is to contribute to the improvement of their microbiological diagnosis. The results of the work of this thesis allow us to understand the...
Molecularly imprinted polymers for applications in cosmetology
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are tailor-made synthetic receptors possessing specific cavities for a given target molecule. They are produced by introducing, into the polymer precursors, guest molecules that act as templates at the molecular level. Interacting and cross-linking monomers are...
The skin as a window of the nervous system : physiopathology and biomarkers
Small-fiber neuropathies (SFN), or painful neuropathies, are characterized by neuropathic pain and autonomic dysfunction, which are particularly disabling symptoms and whose current therapeutic management is not satisfactory. The skin biopsy, which is the "gold standard" in the SFN diagnosis, is an...
Direct heat stress-induced effects on rumen fermentation characteristics and nutrients degradability in sheep pair-fed alfalfa hay
Aim of the study: To investigate the direct effect of heat stress on rumen fermentation characteristics and nutrients degradability of pair-fed rams to subsequently eliminate the confounding effects of dissimilar feed intake induced by heat stress exposure.Area of study: Saudi Arabia.Material and me...
Biochemical characterization of macroH2A1.1 breast cancer cells
Biochemical properties of chromatin can be modulated by incorporation of histone variants in chromatin. MacroH2A has a amino-terminal domain typical of a full-length H2A, fused to a "macro domain". To date, three macroH2A have been identified: macroH2A1.1 and macroH2A1.2 which are alternative splice...
Experience : Culture, Cognition, and the Common Sense (sous la dir. de Caroline A. Jones, David Mather, Rebecca Uchil)
designed as a physical experience, Experience is a book that can be tested. It has a heat-sensitive cover and interacts with the reader’s skin, showing the impressions of his hands temporarily; the ink is illuminated and makes more visible the subtitle which hitherto was based in the dark colour of...
The work of the care
MOLINIER Pascale. The work of care, Paris: The Dispute, Coll. ‘The Gender of the World’, 2013, 222 p. Care, or the concern of others, is an area of conflict, rockets and dominations. In particular, the employment of care and care professionals, consisting mainly of a subjunior female worker, overexp...
A community survey of sun exposure, sunburn and sun protection.
AIM: To describe outdoor activities, sun protection behaviours and the experience of sunburn in a sample of New Zealanders during summer weekends of 1994. METHODS: 1243 respondents to a telephone survey provided information regarding their outdoor activities for the 5 hour period around midday of th...
Families that stick to the skin. The cross-subjective links
'! — 2518: ‘resume’ --bThis article shows a certain convergence between research from the first analysis of dysfunction of the family group and the individual analysis of certain analysts with subjectivity-impairments. Based on a fragment of analysis, our theorisation seeks to uncover a particular f...
Terminological treatment: from skin to leather
The authors, a group of students, propose a terminology methodology they apply in the leather field. Literature research, the development of the field tree, the development of the computer sheet and theoretical questions are dealt with in the course “Theoretical Terminology and Practice 2” given by...
Therapeutic acquisitions in outpatient medicine in 2013. [2013 literature findings in internal general medicine]
The prescribing of antibiotics for uncomplicated skin abscesses and diverticulitis has no benefit. Some antibiotics are more at risk of causing a Clostridium difficile infection. The tests used to exclude a history of a penicillin allergy are safe. A threshold of D-dimer adjusted for the age signifi...
Community approaches in the fight against Buruli ulcer: literature review
Buruli ulcer (UB), a skin bacterial infection, is caused by Mycobacium ulcerans. It affects often deprived communities living close to water. In the absence of early treatment, it leads to deformations and amputations.The declarations of Cotonou (2009) and London (2012) decline the strategies for co...
Osteogenesis Imperfecta – Multi-Systemic and Life-Long Disease that Affects Whole Family
Osteogenesis imperfecta or brittle bone disease, a heritable disorder of connective tissue, is the most common of the inherited disorders primarily affecting bone. There are approximately 400 individuals with OI in Croatia alone. It is estimated that twice that number is present, represented by indi...
Cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis associated with letrozole.
Aromatase inhibitors are increasingly used in the treatment of early and metastatic breast cancer. They can produce various skin adverse effects but are only rarely associated with cutaneous vasculitis. We report the first case of cutaneous vasculitis clearly associated with the use of aromatase inh...
Functional evaluation of new molecules to stimulate microparticle production and increase the thickness of tissue reconstructed by tissue engineering
tissue production by tissue engineering is an area with a growing clinical purpose. However, many factors still need to be improved in order to allow their extensive use. Our objectives were to assess the capacity of algae extracts and isolated serum molecules to optimise different stages of tissue...