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"LIVING TOGETHER" OR "MAKING SOCIETY" - THE CRISIS OF THE FRENCH MODEL OF INTEGRATION INTO FRAGILE TERRITORIES
International audience In recent decades, the symptoms of a serious malaise in French society have multiplied: recurring urban riots; worsening economic, social, cultural, health and territorial inequalities, etc.; decline in confidence in the institutions, manifested in particular by the constant i...
Improving a Country’s Education
This open access book compares and contrasts the results of international student assessments in ten countries. The OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) released the results of its 2018 assessment in December 2019. This book reflects the debates that typically follow the rele...
1.10-P15. Health providers in France: how do they find a way to meet migrants' needs?
International audience Background:The Mig-HealthCare project aims to strengthen a community based care model to minimise health inequalities and improve the integration of vulnerable migrants and refugees into local communities. The project is funded by the European Commission for three years and ha...
Opting out of neighbourhood schools: The role of local education markets in student mobility
International audience Open enrolment policies assume that students living in disadvantaged areas can access better schools outside their neighbourhood. However, characteristics of individuals, quality of schooling and neighbourhood characteristics interact in very complex ways to produce heterogene...
France: Protecting the insiders in the crisis and forgetting the outsiders?
ILO - International Labor Organisation Like many other countries, France was seriously hit by the recent crisis. Gross domestic product (GDP) fell sharply from the second quarter of 2008, and 300,000 jobs were lost during 2008-2009. The unemployment rate jumped from 7.2 per cent at the beginning of...
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Graphs for Pattern Recognition
This monograph deals with mathematical constructions that are foundational in such an important area of data mining as pattern recognition. By using combinatorial and graph theoretic techniques, a closer look is taken at infeasible systems of linear inequalities, whose generalized solutions act as b...
Effects of time and socio-economic status on the determinants of oral health-related behaviours of parents of preschool children
The oral health-related beliefs of parents have an important impact on the oral health status of their children; however, they are not stable over time. This study aimed to assess the changes, over time, in the determinants of parental oral health-related behaviour based on the Theory of Planned Beh...
The war of memories will not take place ! : the construction of a social demand for immigration memory and new symbolic struggles : a comparison of the cities of Saint Étienne and Villeurbanne
“Resurfacing of the repressed past”, “war of memories”, “competitions of victims”: since the 1990s, the issue of collective memory has entered the public debate, especially when it comes to the role of immigrants in the national narrative.The idea that there would be a “need for memory” with regards...
Shifting Gender Relations in Agriculture and Irrigation in the Nepal Tarai-Madhesh
This report explores how women perceive participation and empowerment vis-a-vis access to water and other agricultural resources in the Tarai/Madhesh of Nepal. The report argues that gendered vulnerability is indeed intricately connected with other axes of difference, such as caste and economic stat...
Correlation Between Social Status and Health in Early Medieval Dalmatia
The early mediaeval period in Croatia is rarely mentioned in historical sources. The development of society during this period was greatly influenced by formation of communities, within which there were many inequalities. The social group one belonged to and its ordinance were the main factors in th...
South Africa's Comorbidity: A Chronic Affliction of Intersecting Education, Economic and Health Inequalities
The analogy of South Africa as an ailing "organism" afflicted by chronic socioeconomic inequality is apt as it captures the nation's manifest endemic abrasions and frailties, especially as it relates to the lived experience of its most vulnerable citizens (the precariat). COVID-19 has accentuated th...
The political dimension of inequality during economic development
European Enlightenment thinkers were right in stressing the political dimension of inequality, rather than referring to "natural differences" as some others did after them in the 19th or 20th centuries. Drawing from recent theoretical and empirical contributions in social sciences and in particular...
Theoretical developments and the emergence of new epistemological insights are based on interactions between old problems and new methodologies (Courgeau, 2003). At least two methodologies have helped social scientists of the past two generations in overcoming the traditional divide between individu...
Is atmospheric pollution exposure during pregnancy associated with individual and contextual characteristics ? A nationwide study in France
BACKGROUND: Exposure to atmospheric pollutants is a danger for the health of pregnant mother and children. Our objective was to identify individual (socioeconomic and behavioural) and contextual factors associated with atmospheric pollution pregnancy exposure at the nationwide level. METHOD: Among 1...
Multiple interdependencies and asymmetries between genders in daily mobility experiences in the southern corridor of the Metropolitan Region of Buenos Aires (Argentina)
The article explores the relationship between gender and mobility through the analysis of the experiences of daily mobility of citizens of six residential types from the southern corridor of the Metropolitan Region of Buenos Aires (Argentina). The aim is to characterize and analyze the interdependen...
Issues, processes and consequences of the logics of actors on the distribution of single-parent families in the SCoT of Caen-la-mer
Considered marginal until the 1980s, the single-parent family became a socially important phenomenon in less than 20 years. Today, this categoy (more than 80% of which are women) accounts for nearly a third of families with children and is growing streadily. Morevover, these families are not all equ...
The Pyramidal Network of Settlements in Croatia
In the paper the author analyses the changes in Croatian society caused by socialist, transitional and neo-liberal periods. The main change is in the deregulation of the State’s role and the introduction of the market economy as well as different actors into the game. The spatial changes concern str...
Funding women entrepreneurs
Intervention is needed to improve women-led companies’ access to finance. In a recent study, EIB’s InnovFin Advisory assessed the availability of finance for women-owned and managed companies in Europe as compared to the United States. While women-led companies account for only a small portion of fi...
Living in a diversified countryside : Mobility and territory in rural areas. : The Limousin and Sierra de Albarracín as examples
Since the second half of the 20th C. rural zones in European countries have undergone a revival insofar as concerns their function and designation. Despite the diversity of their territorial dynamics these rural areas have attracted new populations of a very mixed profile. These newcomers insert the...
International student mobility and social mobility : educational, professional and social trajectories of Malian students in French and Moroccan higher education
This PhD research analyzes the social dimension of Malian students' mobility in French and Moroccan higher education. Confronted with a higher education system with limited capacity, many Malian students perceive mobility as a loophole. These students going abroad perpetuate a tradition of mobility...
Roles of competence and assertiveness judgments in the justification of social hierarchy
This thesis questions the perception and justification of status differences in society. The literature shows that social judgment is based on two fundamental dimensions : a horizontal dimension, which refers to qualities that enable good social relations to be maintained, and a vertical dimension,...
“Back to the Land” among “Neo-Rural” Farmers: The Price to Pay : Working Couples and Women’s Invisible Work
The article deals with the social processes that incite “neo-rural” women – i.e. who do not themselves originate from agricultural families – to become fruit and vegetable farmers alongside their partners and work in their shadow, with no professional status. It shows, first, the extent to which the...
The highway to success? The highway to success?: A sociological analysis of Ecoles nomales supérieures (St Cloud, Fontenay & Lyon) alumni life-courses (class of 1981-1987)
This thesis is dedicated to the life course analysis of alumni from one of the most prestigious French Grandes écoles (the Ecoles Normales Supérieures of Fontenay-aux-roses, Saint-Cloud and Lyon - classes of 1981-1987). Through a longitudinal perspective, it aims to analyze how family, educational,...
Tabado : evaluation of a smoking cessation program for adolescents in Vocational Training Center
Context - Most smokers start smoking during adolescence and became smoking dependent before the age of 20. Efforts to fight against smoking in the teenage population have focused largely on programs to prevent rather than quit smoking. On this basis, we implemented an original approach of help to sm...
Decentralizing democracy: approaches to consensus within blockchain communities
Creating fair, transparent and genuinely democratic modes of decentralized decision-making has been a key concern for many developers and users of blockchains. This article evaluates several popular methods of maintaining consensus and achieving decentralized decision-making on blockchain networks i...