Query : tobacco products
- Cornuz, J.3
- Auer, R.2
- Beck, François2
- Berthet, Aurélie2
- Boubal, Camille2
- Elisabet Ruiz Cairó2
- European Commission,2
- A. Y. Hoekstra1
- Abreu, Lukas Mendes de1
- Acosta Sánchez, Miguel Angel1
- Adriano Antônio Nuintin1
- Afshin Ebrahimi1
- Agudo, A.1
- Ahmet Kinay1
- Ahrens, W.1
- Aisha S. Dickerson1
- Akbar Hassanzadeh1
- Akyurt Nuran1
- Alana Arantes Santos1
- Alberto Ritieni1
- Social Anthropology and Ethnology14
- Political Science12
- Methods and Statistics12
- Biological Anthropology8
- Economies and Finances8
- History, Philosophy and Sociology of Sciences7
- Art and Art History4
- Gender Studies4
- Architecture and Space Management3
- Environmental studies3
- Archaeology and Prehistory1
- Classical Studies1
- Communication Sciences1
Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study (DATOS), 1991-1994: [United States]
<p>Drug-Abuse Treatment Outcomes Study (DATOS) is a prospective study designed to determine the outcomes of adult drug abuse treatment delivered in typical, stable, community-based programs and to provide comprehensive information on continuing and new questions about the effectiveness of drug abuse...
Biopsychosocial aspects related to tobacco consumption among university students: An integrative review
O tabaco pode gerar dependência química aos seus usuários, principalmente em grupos vulneráveis, como jovens universitários que ao entrar no ensino superior desenvolvem conflitos de princípios empregados pela educação familiar, além da necessidade de inserção social e influência dos amigos para o us...
Eurobarometer 84.4: Europeans in 2015, Development, Cooperation and Aid, Animal Welfare, and the Tobacco Black Market, November-December 2015
<p> The Eurobarometer series is a unique cross-national and cross-temporal survey program conducted on behalf of the European Commission. These surveys regularly monitor public opinion in the European Union (EU) member countries and consist of standard modules and special topic modules. The standard...
Current Population Survey, January 1993: Tobacco Use Supplement
Data on labor force activity for the week prior to the survey are supplied in this collection. Information is available on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons 15 years old and over. Demographic variables such as age, sex, race, marital status, veteran status, household relatio...
French positions on control policies related to alcohol, tobacco and gambling
Introduction: Using a scenario-based technique, this study explored and charted, the positions of the French concerning policies to control tobacco, alcohol and gambling. Method: A sample of 344 adults (including health professionals and lawyers) were polled on the acceptability of the policies of c...
The Consecuences of Brexit for Gibraltar
Within the framework of negotiations between the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU), a Protocol on Gibraltar was included in the Agreement on the Withdrawal of the UK from the EU, signed in January 2020. That Protocol makes reference to the four bilateral agreements or Anglo-Spanish Mem...
Cend this cigarette that I cannot see! Cend this cigarette that I cannot see! Administrative Court, Montpellier, 6 April 2012, Thierry T.
The photograph of Albert Camus, lip cigarette, affixed in 4 metres by 3 on the façade of a municipal media library cannot in itself constitute an act of propaganda or advertising, direct or indirect, in favour of tobacco or tobacco products within the meaning of the provisions relied on in Article L...
Competitive environment for tourism development: case Puerto Plata
The Province of Puerto Plata is considered a long main tourist area in the north of the country. Its production apparatus has production activities such as cattle farming, high-yield tropical crops, fishing, the production of products such as chocolate, phosphores, liqueurs, tobacco, coffee and suga...
Policies, surveillance and access of minors to cigars in Mexico City
In Mexico and other countries, the accessibility of tobacco products — especially cigarettes — for minors is a major factor contributing to the development of smoking, which is one of the major public health challenges worldwide. In the fight against this addiction, effective legislation to reduce t...
Hidden foreign trade and corruption on customers
According to the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), the volume of the "shadow" economy in Ukraine is 1.1 trillion hryvnias or 45.1 % of the gross domestic product. Estimates of the Federation of Employers of Ukraine show that only 50 % of payments to the state budget comes from t...
Evaluating of Iranian Legal System in the Field of Tobacco Products with Emphasizing Human Right to Health
Right to health is one of the fundamental human rights in international human right system. This right possessed a stable position in various treaties and international conventions. Based on this right, everyone has the right to reach the highest standard of physical and mental health which includes...
Study PRELIMINARY FOR ENZIMATIC GLICERÓLISE OF canola, sunflower and ENERGÉTICOhttp OLES://0d6eaa35-aaab-42a1-9e2-660dd8592974At present many government policies are leading efforts to develop technologies to obtain biodiesel. This production generates as a co-product glycerine, which accounts for about 10 % of the total volume. The most commonly used method in industries is chemical glycerysis, but enzyme glycerol is an environmentally better alternative to use glycerine in the production of monoacylglycerols (MAG) and diacylglycerols (DAG) from vegetable oils. In this study, 16 tests were carried out for enzymatic glycerysis of canola, sunflower and tobacco oils, varying in the amount of glycerol, lipase, time and temperature in each test. The reaction products were evaluated by High Efficiency Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Infrared Spectroscopy (IV). With sunflower oil, a percentage of about 40 % of triacylglycerol (TAG) was converted into MAG and DAG. With canola oil and tobacco oil the conversion was smaller. The amount of lipase has been found to be a factor directly influencing the reaction of glycerysis, providing the development of a cleaner method that reduces the environmental impacts of the traditional chemical procedure.
Atualmente muitas políticas governamentais levam esforços para o desenvolvimento de tecnologias para que seja possível obter o biodiesel. Essa produção gera como coproduto glicerina, que representa cerca de 10% do volume total. O método mais utilizado nas indústrias é a glicerólise química, porém a...
The Marks of the Oriental Cities of Cuba at the End of the XIX Century: Between the Art and the Trade
At the end of the XIX century, in a city like Santiago de Cuba and others; then called as the Oriental Department of the country, there also existed trademarks not only linked to the tobacco, as those famous ones carried out in the lithography shops of Havana. Those recently located in the oriental...
Acrylamide content in cigarette mainstream smoke and estimation of exposure to acrylamide from tobacco smoke in Poland
Introduction and objective Acrylamide is a “probably human carcinogen” monomer that can form in heated starchy food as a result of a reaction between asparagine and reducing sugars via Maillard reaction. The main source of acrylamide in human diet are potato products, cereal products and coffee. Tob...
Smoke-free policy in Poland on the example of the implementation into national law of the European Parliament and Council Directive 2014/40 /EU of 3 April 2014 on the approximation of laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning the production, presentation and sale of tobacco and related products, and repealing Directive 2001/37/WE
Poland in the 1980s was a country with the highest incidence of smoking tobacco products in Europe – 42%, therefore it became necessary to take urgent and effective measures to reduce the undoubtedly harmful to health smoking of tobacco products among millions of Poles. These ac...
Tobacco seed oil: Optimisation of extraction by prensagem
O tobacco is mainly used to produce cigarettes and cigars, which are consumed worldwide. However, this habit is not beneficial for users and the World Health Organisation is seeking to reduce this use for tobacco. In this respect, it is necessary for other uses of the tobacco plant which are not onl...
Agricultural leagues in Chaco and Corrientes. Experiences of peasant organisation in contexts of territorial transformation
The latest military dictatorship shaken with organisational processes throughout the country, while at the same time introducing the foundations of the neoliberal accumulation model. In the north-east of Argentina, this involved, among other things, the repression and disruption of the Chaqueñas Agr...
Smoking of health students “State and Foundation University Example”
The purpose of the study is to take a look at the smoking habits of the undergraduate students studying in the health programs of state and private universities, and to determine their opinion about the smoking ban. The research is a descriptive type study. The survey was conducted in February 2017....
Il 'battesimo del fuoco' della direttiva sui prodotti del tabacco, tra esigenze di armonizzazione e di tutela della salute pubblica
(Series Information) European Papers - A Journal on Law and Integration, 2016 1(3), 1087-1096 | European Forum Insight of 24 October 2016 | (Table of Contents) I. Introduzione. - II. Esigenze di armonizzazione e obiettivi di politica sanitaria. - III. Il bilanciamento tra la tutela della salute e al...
Imperial taxation and regional development in the 18th century. The tobacco monopoly as an instrument of promotion in the Luisiana
This article analyses the tobacco policy of the Spanish krona in the Luisiana during the 18th century, where it created a tax institution for predominantly political purposes, making the interest in the income and economic gains of this monopoly dependent on the political and strategic needs of the...
Dynamics of counterfeit alcohol and tobacco goods in the Tatarstan Republic market
Objective to identify and assess the share of counterfeit products in the total volume of alcohol and tobacco products in the consumer market of Tatarstan Republic which will allow the inspection bodies to deal more effectively to prevent the spreading of counterfeit products. Methods the resea...
The black woman in (visible) between sugar and tobacco from the Cuban Fernando Ortiz
The history and knowledge of sugar and tobacco was described by writer Fernando Ortiz at the 1940 Contrapunteo Cubano del Azucar y del Tobacco test. In the light of the information present at the meeting of this eminent writer’s texts, I would like to develop in this article a counterpoint that coul...
Human prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and risk behaviors in adolescence
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are chemicals used in a variety of products before they were widely banned due to toxic effects in humans and wildlife. Because of continued persistence and ubiquity of these contaminants, risk of exposure to people living in industrialized countries is still high. E...
MARKETS AND FAIRS AT THE BORDER TRIPLICE: AN ANALYSIS OF THE MARKETING AREAS FOR PRODUCTS IN NATURA IN THE CITY OF TABATINGA, AMAZONAS — BRAZIL.
the Amazon is undoubtedly an area of interest in studying differences in access to food and how the rapid process of modernisation via communication and trade networks has an impact on eating habits, especially in small and medium-sized towns. This article seeks to understand the marketing sites and...
Building History and Rehabilitation of Nantes Tobacco Factory
This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of Nantes tobacco factory building history, located in France. This is one of the most significant buildings in this municipality which exemplifies, through its walls, the architectural evolution of the spaces destined to production, storage and sales of...